MUS 1220 - MUS 1220 Chapter 1 Composers presented 1 Johann...

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MUS 1220 Chapter 1 Composers presented: 1. Johann Sebastian Bach a. Concerto in D minor for chord and strings, BWV 1052 b. Concerto- piece for solo instrument and orchestral accompaniment (3 movements) 2. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart a. Symphony no. 40 in G minor, K. 550 b. With just Mozart’s work you see the K. i. Mozart wasn’t orderly and did not put numbers to file works ii. Listen to first movement 3. Antonin Dworak a. Slavonic Dance in E minor, opus 72, no. 10 b. 1841- 1904 c. Opus 72 - 72 nd piece written i. No. 10- the 10 th piece in the Opus 4. George Crumb a. Black Angels: 13 Images from the Dark Land for electric string quarter, Part I: Departure The basis for active listening is learning to Recognize Analyze Interpret Techniques to become better listeners Tune out distractions Give undivided attention Concentrate on the beginning Listen more than once Move from emotional to active listening o From mood to the fundamental musical elements The fundamental elements of music Form o The way musical material is organized i.e. Repetition, contrast, variation Timbre o The distinctive sound of a given instrument or voice i.e. musical color or tone color Rhythm o The organization of music in time Groups longer and shorter notes and silences into patterns based on the beat Meter
o Repeated pattern of stronger and weaker beats Common time is 4/4 Melody o Succession of musical notes and rhythms arranged as a recognizable unit Also called a tune o Conveys a sense of forward motion and has a shape in that it uses Harmony o Way of understanding notes that are played or sung together To harmonize a melody play supporting melody by adding depth Chords o Two or more notes played simultaneously Texture o The relationship between melodic and harmonic elements in a piece of music Monophony o Single melodies Homophony o Chords that accompany a single melody Polyphony o Two or more simultaneous melodies Genre o A musical category, such as concerto, art song, or character piece Movement o Self contained section of a longer piece Most common number of movements is 4 Tempo o The speed of a piece of music Orchestra o The most common instrumental performing ensemble in Western classical music Pitch, duration, dynamics, timbre, texture, frequency Texture Types of texture o Informal description- light versus heavy; thick versus thin; sparse versus dense o Formal description - textures for which we have developed musical terms to help in the process of describing 3 formal textures Monophonic texture - single melody alone Homophonic texture - single melody with harmony accompanying Polyphonic texture- multiple melodies at the same time
Tonality Melody

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