soc sci120 1 - 1 Hector is a Mexican-American member of MS-13 who sells drugs and he represents the typical profile for many U.S gang members who engage

soc sci120 1 - 1 Hector is a Mexican-American member of...

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1. “Hector” is a Mexican-American member of MS-13 who sells drugs, and he represents the typical profile for many U.S. gang members who engage in drug dealing. 2. No one can estimate the actual number and type of gang member deportees that have been returned to their countries. 3. Leaders of Al Qaeda and MS-13 had formal meetings with each other, suggesting a connection between these two criminal organizations. 4. The Sullivan and Bunker model refers to a Darwinist type evolution of a whole gang, not individual gang members. 5. Technology does not influence globalization. 6. The deportation argument may not be as valid as some believe, in part due to the fact that gang member deportation data is allegedly not tracked. 7. “Symbolic Association Theory” is used to describe how a new gang adopts the brand name of a parent gang, often with no direct link back to the parent gang. 8. The Sullivan and Bunker model suggests that generational gangs are family- oriented. 9. Most gang members who sell drugs do so independently, and are not directly connected to large organized national and/or transnational gangs involved in drug sales. 10. The “Sombre Negra” refers to Central American vigilante groups who often target gang members. 11. Poverty and violence do not influence migration. 12. It is uncommon for gang members to be paid in drugs rather than money. 13. In the Sullivan and Bunker model, globalization means members of the gang move to another country and establish their gang set there. 14. Drug dealers like Hector are indirectly connected to the global drug market, even though they often have never left their cities and they cant see their role in the larger picture.
15. To be defined as “transnational.” A gang has to be involved in transnational criminal activity that has to be at the felony level. 16. According to Sullivan and Bunker, the higher the level of generation, the more organized a gang gets. 17. There is a tendency for governments not to recognize the existence of gangs, even when they are present. 18. The "Euro-paradox" refers to the irony of the fact that the first U.S. street gangs were comprised of white European immigrant groups, namely the Irish and Italians. 19. Gangs becoming involved with terrorist organizations has become a standard gang globalizing behavior. 20. Human trafficking involves more voluntariness and less use of force than human smuggling. 21. 18th Street and MS-13 gangs are allies in Honduran and Salvadorian prisons. 22. Some sociologists in Central America believe that gangs in their region are linked to migration, mainly fed from poor youth who have returned from or have been deported from the United States. 23. The military has unintentionally become a possible mechanism for facilitating the growth and spread of gangs in both the U.S. and Central America.

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