RHCh8 - Myers' EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 8...

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Myers’ EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 8 Memory James A. McCubbin, PhD Aneeq Ahmad, Ph.D. (Modified by Ray Hawkins, Ph.D.) Worth Publishers
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Memory The Phenomenon of Memory Studying Memory: Information  Processing Models Encoding: Getting Information In How We Encode What We Encode
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Memory Storage: Retaining Information Sensory Memory Working/Short-Term Memory Long-Term Memory Storing Memories in the Brain
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Memory Retrieval: Getting Information  Out  Retrieval Cues Forgetting Encoding Failure Storage Decay Retrieval Failure
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Memory Memory Construction Misinformation and Imagination Effects Source Amnesia Children’s Eyewitness Recall Repressed or Constructed Memories of  Abuse? Improving Memory
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Memory Memory is the basis for knowing your friends, your  neighbors, the English language, the national anthem, and  yourself. If memory was nonexistent, everyone would be a stranger to  you; every language foreign; every task new; and even you  yourself would be a stranger.
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The Phenomenon of Memory Memory is any indication that learning has persisted  over time. It is our ability to store and retrieve  information.
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Studying Memory:  Information Processing Models Keyboard (Encoding) Disk (Storage) Monitor (Retrieval) Sequential Process
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Information Processing The Atkinson-Schiffrin (1968) three-stage model of  memory includes a)   sensory memory ,   b)   short-term  memory ,  and c)   long-term memory . Bob Daemmrich/ The Image Works Frank Wartenberg/ Picture Press/ Corbis
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Modifications to the Three-Stage Model 1. Some information skips the first two stages and enters  long-term memory automatically. 1. Since we cannot focus on all the sensory information  received, we select information that is important to us and  actively process it into our  working memory
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Working Memory A newer understanding of short-term memory that  involves conscious, active processing of incoming  auditory and visual-spatial information, and of  information retrieved from long-term memory
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Encoding: Getting Information In How We Encode 1. Some information (route to your school) is  automatically processed. 1. However, new or unusual information (friend’s  new cell-phone number) requires attention and  effort.
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Automatic Processing We process an enormous amount of information  effortlessly, such as the following:  1. Space :  While reading a textbook, you  automatically encode the place of a picture on a  page. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 08/12/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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RHCh8 - Myers' EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 8...

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