RHCh12 - Myers’ EXPL ORIN G PSYCHOLOGY(7th Ed Chapter 12...

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Unformatted text preview: Myers’ EXPL ORIN G PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 12 Personality James A. McCubbin, PhD Aneeq Ahmad, Ph.D. (Modified by Ray Hawkins, Ph.D.) Worth Publishers Personality The Psychoanalytic Perspective Exploring the Unconscious The Neo-Freudian and Psychodynamic Theories Assessing Unconscious Processes Evaluating the Psychoanalytic Perspective Personality The Humanistic Perspective Abraham Maslow’s Self-Actualizing Person Carl Roger’s Person-Centered Perspective Assessing the Self Evaluating the Humanistic Perspective Personality The Trait Perspective Exploring Traits Assessing Traits The Big Five Factors Evaluating the Trait Perspective Personality The Social-Cognitive Perspective Reciprocal Influences Personal Control Assessing Behavior in Situations Evaluating the Social-Cognitive Perspective Personality Exploring the Self The Benefits of Self-Esteem Culture and Self-Esteem Self-Serving Bias Personality An individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. Each dwarf has a distinct personality. What is Personality? Personality an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting basic perspectives Biological / Genetic (e.g., temperament theory) Psychoanalytic Humanistic Trait / Type research Personal narratives (McAdams, as described in The Cult of Personality by Annie Murphy Paul, 2004) Film The Psychoanalytic Perspective Freud’s theory proposed that childhood sexuality and unconscious motivations influence personality Psychoanalytic Perspective In his clinical practice, Freud encountered patients suffering from nervous disorders. Their complaints could not be explained in terms of purely physical causes. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Culver Pictures Psychodynamic Perspective Freud’s clinical experience led him to develop the first comprehensive theory of personality, which included the unconscious mind , psychosexual stages , and defense mechanisms . Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Culver Pictures Exploring the Unconscious A reservoir ( unconscious mind ) of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. Freud asked patients to say whatever came to their minds ( free association ) in order to tap the unconscious. http://www.english.upenn.edu Dream Analysis Another method to analyze the unconscious mind is through interpreting manifest and latent contents of dreams. The Nightmare , Henry Fuseli (1791) Psychoanalysis The process of free association (chain of thoughts) leads to painful, embarrassing unconscious memories. Once these memories are retrieved and released ( treatment: psychoanalysis ) the patient feels better. Model of Mind The mind is like an iceberg. It is mostly hidden, and below the surface lies the unconscious mind. The preconscious stores temporary memories. Personality Structure Personality develops as a result of our efforts to resolve conflicts between our biological impulses (id) and social restraints (superego). Id, Ego and Superego...
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This note was uploaded on 08/12/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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RHCh12 - Myers’ EXPL ORIN G PSYCHOLOGY(7th Ed Chapter 12...

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