ContentServer (5) - Jaroslav Bels Anh Nguyen Lubo Smrka Jozef Kolembus Eva Cipovov 191 ISSN 2071-789X RECENT ISSUES IN SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH Bels J

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Jaroslav Belás, Anh Nguyen, Luboš Smr č ka, Jozef Kolembus, Eva Cipovová ISSN 2071-789X RECENT ISSUES IN SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH Economics & Sociology, Vol. 9, No 4, 2016 191 Jaroslav Belás, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Zlin, Czech Republic, E-mail: [email protected] Anh Nguyen, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Zlin, Czech Republic, FINANCIAL LITERACY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. CASE STUDY FROM THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND SLOVAKIA E-mail: [email protected] Luboš Smr č ka, University of Economics Prague, Prague, Czech Republic, E-mail: [email protected] Jozef Kolembus, DTI University in Dubnica nad Váhom, Dubnica nad Váhom, Slovak Republic, E-mail: [email protected] Eva Cipovová, The University of Finance and Administration, Prague, Czech Republic, E-mail: [email protected] ABSTRACT. Financial literacy is an important area of education for secondary school students, because appropriate management of personal finance creates preconditions for successful and quality life. In this article we examined the level of financial literacy of students of commercial academies in Czech Republic and Slovakia. Our results confirmed that the learning process in both countries has some reserves. The average value of correct answers regarding the savings was 16.33% in Slovakia and 21.33% in the Czech Republic, which can be classified as very low. Significantly improved results were shown by the respondents when it comes to consumer loans. The average value of correct answers in Slovakia was relatively high (87.76%). In the Czech Republic, the average value of the correct responses was 61.33%. The average value of correct answers on the use of payment cards abroad was relatively high both in Slovakia (77.55%) and the Czech Republic (73.33%). Our research, which was significantly more extensive than presented in this article, demonstrates that the intensity of interest in the socio-economic system is relatively low and students are not adequately motivated to be proactive. Therefore, we propose to create more room for intense use of advanced teaching methods in order to improve application skills of students. In this context, it is necessary to focus on promotion of personal initiative among the students. Received : May, 2016 1st Revision : September, 2016 Accepted : November, 2016 DOI: 10.14254/2071- 789X.2016/9-4/12 JEL Classification : A22 Keywords : financial literacy, savings, consumer loans, payment card. Introduction Economic knowledge is an important part of education. Teaching economics at secondary specialized schools is of great importance because it prepares future adults comply with any profession (accountants, assistants, etc.), or continue studying at a university. Belás, J., Nguyen, A., Smr č ka, L., Kolembus, J., Cipovová, E. (2016), Financial Literacy of Secondary School Students. Case Study from the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Economics and Sociology , Vol. 9, No 4, pp. 191-206. DOI: 10.14254/2071- 789X.2016/9-4/12
Jaroslav Belás, Anh Nguyen, Luboš Smr č ka, Jozef Kolembus, Eva Cipovová ISSN 2071-789X RECENT ISSUES IN SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH Economics & Sociology, Vol. 9, No 4, 2016 192