POSC 377 midterm review - 1 What does Ali Hashemi's life...

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1. What does Ali Hashemi’s life tell us about: a. Shi’i seminaries (trivium, teaching and learning methods) and Ali’s schooling? Would learn by memorizing full works Ali began at state school o Lower school learn 5 thousand verses and upper school learn 15 thousand verses In the Shiah seminaries, a student began by studying grammar, rhetoric, and logic o Grammar, rhetoric, and logic comprise the “trivium” The foundation of the scholastic curriculum 3 of 7 liberal arts Elementary education: the Koran school run by Mullahs b. Why did Ali become a Mullah? His father was a Mullah Was good at religious studies Was born and raised in Qom- the highest seat of religious learning in Iran c. What is a Sayyed? An honorific title given to male accepted decedents of the prophet Muhammad through his grandsons, Hassan and Husayn Decedents of the prophet o Ali Hashemi and his two brothers and father were all sayyeds o Wore green sashes- color of vegetation d. Ayatollah Khomeini’s appeal to young clergymen? Was thought to be one of the most intelligent teachers in Qom Ali Hashemi studied under him He publicly opposed the shah He appealed to the young clergy (the older clergy knew better) through his idea of selflessness and mysticism e. Meaning of walled-in spaces or closed gardens? What is meant by the inner and the outer? Inner- what something really is Outer- what something appears to be f. Dialectical style of Muslim thinkers? Loved to argue by using contraries (developing and memorizing exhaustive lists of possible alternatives), and to argue by contradictories “You say…but I say” is a preferred dialectical style of Muslim thinkers in their written works from the earliest times to present day g. The significance of the bazaar and the mosque. Bazaar: a marketplace o Recognized by Islamic law as a special arena of human life o A direct arena for political expression when political life comes 1
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to a boil When things get to heated, it closes down Not to let normal life continue until the common concern is dealt with o There were ways that religion lived in the bazaar independently from the mosque Most important was the hay’at, the “association” Merchants often belonged to the hay’at Met once a week in each other’s house to hear a mullah preach Mosque: a place of worship o A place for Muslims to gather for prayer and learn about Islam and meet fellow believers o Virtually the only place where one could publicly express personal opinion o At least once a week, opinion formed a part of the formal sercvice of prayer o Only one grand mosque in an Iranian city; represented the self- willed unity of the city o Relationship with the government was cordial o The Safavis appointed the Friday prayer leaders Both look inward psychologically and architecturally Bazaar shuts for the Friday prayer, and attendance at the mosque for Friday noon prayer is an obligation
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