WA2-SOC-322 - Written Assignment 2 Racism Ethnocentrism and...

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Written Assignment 2: Racism, Ethnocentrism, and The American Immigrant Story Thomas Edison State College December 2016 Written Assignment 2 Whenever a society is formed, diverse cultures and groups are very important factors of co- existence. Unfortunately, people in the societies sometimes develop different or negative attitudes and beliefs towards other races, groups and cultures. The attitudes include racism, ethnocentrism, prejudice, nativism, xenophobia, groupthink, prestige hierarchy, and discrimination. Following is the brief description of every term: (Boundless, 2015a). Racism is a belief which teaches difference among people based on their race involving the idea that one's own race is superior than the other and has the right to dominate others groups and their members. Also, it is believed that one racial group is inferior to the others. Ethnocentrism is a belief when someone believe that his/her own culture or group is superior to others and judging another culture solely by the values of one's own culture. Prejudice is a negative attitude towards the members of a selected group by another group who believe they are superior than the selected group. On the other hand, discrimination is when a dominant group have harmful practice or actions towards the memebers of subordinate groups. Nativism is the policy which promotes the protecting the interests of of native-born citizens of the land. Therefore, the policy protects the interest of established inhabitants against those of immigrants. Xenophobia is the fear of foreigners or stranger. It could be fear or dislike of the customs, dress, eating or public speaking in front of those people who are culturally different from oneself. Groupthink is a psychological issues which deals with a phenomenon that occurs within a group of people. Groupthink enhances the desire for conformity in the group that results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome. It makes individual members of a group to unquestioningly follow the instructions of the leader and it strongly discourages any disagreement with the consensus. Prestige is the respect and admiration which someone gains because of their success, wealth, rank and achievements in the society. For example doctors receive a lot of respect because of their profession and educational achievements. Hierarchy is a systematic organization of groups
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