RHCh11 - Myers’ EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 11...

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Unformatted text preview: Myers’ EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 11 Emotions, Stress and Health James A. McCubbin, PhD Aneeq Ahmad, Ph.D. (Modified by Ray Hawkins, Ph.D.) Worth Publishers Emotions, Stress, and Health Theories of Emotion Embodied Emotion Emotions and The Autonomic Nervous System Physiological Similarities Among Specific Emotions Physiological Differences Among Specific Emotions Cognition And Emotion Emotions, Stress, and Health Expressed Emotion Detecting Emotion Gender, Emotion, and Nonverbal Behavior Culture and Emotional Expression The Effects of Facial Expressions Emotions, Stress, and Health Experienced Emotion Anger Happiness Stress and Health Stress and Stressors Stress and the Heart Stress and Susceptibility to Disease Emotions, Stress, and Health Promoting Health Coping With Stress Managing Stress Effects Emotion Emotions are our body’s adaptive response. Theories of Emotion Emotions are a mix of 1) physiological activation, 2) expressive behaviors, and 3) conscious experience. Controversy 1) Does physiological arousal precede or follow your emotional experience? 1) Does cognition (thinking) precede emotion (feeling)? Commonsense View When you become happy, your heart starts beating faster. First comes conscious awareness, then comes physiological activity. Bob Sacha James-Lange Theory William James and Carl Lange proposed an idea that was diametrically opposed to the common- sense view. The James- Lange Theory proposes that physiological activity precedes the emotional experience. Cannon-Bard Theory Walter Cannon and Phillip Bard questioned the James-Lange Theory and proposed that an emotion-triggering stimulus and the body's arousal take place simultaneously. Two-Factor Theory Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer proposed yet another theory which suggests our physiology and cognitions create emotions. Emotions have two factors–physical arousal and cognitive label. Schacter & Singer (1962) Embodied Emotion We know that emotions involve bodily responses. Some of these responses are very noticeable (butterflies in our stomach when fear arises), but others are more difficult to discern (neurons activated in the brain). Emotions and the Autonomic Nervous System During an emotional experience, our autonomic nervous system mobilizes energy in the body that arouses us. Arousal and Performance Arousal in short spurts is adaptive. We perform better under moderate arousal, but optimal performance varies with task difficulty. Physiological Similarities Physiological responses related to the emotions of fear, anger, love, and boredom are very similar....
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This note was uploaded on 08/12/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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RHCh11 - Myers’ EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 11...

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