54fitzgerald

54fitzgerald - UNIVERSITY OF O XFORD Discussion Papers in...

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T HE S TANDARD OF L IVING IN L ATIN A MERICA D URING THE T WENTIETH C ENTURY P ABLO A STORGA , A ME R. B ERGÉS , AND V ALPY F ITZGERALD U N I V E R S I T Y O F O X F O R D Discussion Papers in Economic and Social History Number 54, March 2004
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U N I V E R S I T Y O F O X F O R D Discussion Papers in Economic and Social History 1 Hans-Joachim Voth and Tim Leunig, Did Smallpox Reduce Height? Stature and the Standard of Living in London, 1770–1873 (Nov. 1995) 2 Liam Brunt, Turning Water into Wine – New Methods of Calculating Farm Output and New Insights into Rising Crop Yields during the Agricultural Revolution (Dec. 1995) 3 Avner Offer, Between the Gift and the Market: the Economy of Regard (Jan. 1996) 4 Philip Grover, The Stroudwater Canal Company and its Role in the Mechanisation of the Gloucestershire Woollen Industry, 1779–1840 (March 1996) 5 Paul A. David, Real Income and Economic Welfare Growth in the Early Republic or, Another Try at Getting the American Story Straight (March 1996) 6 Hans-Joachim Voth, How Long was the Working Day in London in the 1750s? Evidence from the Courtroom (April 1996) 7 James Foreman-Peck, ‘Technological Lock-in’ and the Power Source for the Motor Car (May 1996) 8 Hans-Joachim Voth, Labour Supply Decisions and Consumer Durables During the Industrial Revolution (June 1996) 9 Charles Feinstein, Conjectures and Contrivances: Economic Growth and the Standard of Liv- ing in Britain During the Industrial Revolution (July 1996) 10 Wayne Graham, The Randlord’s Bubble: South African Gold Mines and Stock Market Ma- nipulation (August 1996) 11 Avner Offer, The American Automobile Frenzy of the 1950s (Dec. 1996) 12 David M. Engstrom, The Economic Determinants of Ethnic Segregation in Post-War Britain (Jan. 1997) 13 Norbert Paddags, The German Railways – The Economic and Political Feasibility of Fiscal Reforms During the Inflation of the Early 1920s (Feb. 1997) 14 Cristiano A. Ristuccia, 1935 Sanctions against Italy: Would Coal and Crude Oil have made a Difference ? (March 1997) 15 Tom Nicholas, Businessmen and Land Purchase in Late Nineteenth Century England (April 1997) 16 Ed Butchart, Unemployment and Non-Employment in Interwar Britain (May 1997) 17 Ilana Krausman Ben-Amos, Human Bonding: Parents and their Offspring in Early Modern England (June [Continued inside the back cover]
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T HE S TANDARD OF L IVING IN L ATIN A MERICA D URING THE T WENTIETH C ENTURY P ABLO A STORGA , A ME R. B ERGÉS , AND V ALPY F ITZ G ERALD Latin American Centre St Antony’s College Oxford OX2 6JF
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Abstract Assessing the economic development of Latin America during the twentieth century re- quires reliable estimates of living standards as measured by per capita income, life expectancy, and literacy. New comparable series for Latin America suggest that these three indicators made the greatest strides during the period from 1940 to 1980. This progress is probably related to state-led industrialisation, improvements in public health, and urbanisation. Comparison with US levels reveals that while average per capita in- come has generally remained steady, relative living standards (measured by a composite welfare index) have risen gradually as life expectancy in the two regions has converged.
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54fitzgerald - UNIVERSITY OF O XFORD Discussion Papers in...

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