Exam 3 study guide_Collaborative - Exam 3 Study Guide 17 18...

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Exam 3 Study Guide: Chapters 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 &22 Chapter 15: Employee Recruitment, Selection, Placement, & Indoctrination Staffing is the 3 rd phase of the management process In staffing, the leader-manager recruits, selects, places, & indoctrinates personnel to accomplish goals of the organization Staffing is an especially important phase of the management process in health-care organizations because such organizations are usually labor intensive This large workforce must reflect an appropriate balance of highly skilled, competent professionals & ancillary support workers The workforce should also reflect the gender, culture, ethnicity, age, & language diversity of the communities that the organizations serve; the lack of ethnic, gender, & general diversity in the workforce has been linked to health disparities Predicting Staffing Needs o Accurately predicting staffing needs in a crucial management skill because it enables the manager to avoid staffing crises o Managers should know the source of their nursing pool, the # of students enrolled in local nursing schools, the usual length of employment of newly hired staff, peak staff resignation periods, & times when the patient census is highest o Managers also need to have a fairly sophisticated understanding of third-party insurer reimbursement since this has a significant impact on staffing in contemporary health-care organizations Ex: hospital downsizing & shortsightedness regarding recruitment & retention contributed to the beginning of an acute shortage of RNs o Historically, when the economy improves, nursing shortages occur. When the economy declines (is receding), nursing vacancy rates decline as well Is There a Current Nursing Shortage? o Economists suggest that as a result of the recession, many nurses who planned to retire employment to full time; & some nurses who had been out of the profession for 5 years or more returned to the workforce this is called the nursing employment bubble o An additional 712,000 nursing jobs will be created between 2010 & 2020 and that 495,500 jobs will be vacated by retired nurses between 2010 & 2020 suggests a nursing shortage of approximately 285,000 nurses between 2015 & 2020 o Supply & Demand Factors Leading to the Shortage The Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Employment Projections 2010 to 2020 suggest the Registered Nursing workforce will be the top occupation in terms of job growth through 2020, accounting for one out of every five new jobs created in 2020 this demand is expected to continue or accelerate Demand will be driven by technological advances in patient care & by the increasing emphasis on preventive health care Supply factors contributing to the nursing shortage will include an aging workforce with imminent retirements expected & inadequate nursing education enrollments the problem is the inadequate resources available to provide nursing education to those interested in pursuing a nursing career Recruitment o Recruitment
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