hist 256 prelim 1 - My Review Sheet part 1

hist 256 prelim 1 - My Review Sheet part 1 - Key Terms...

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Key Terms January 22nd—Swords, Sandals, and Status George C. Marshall -American Secretary of Defense/State. Compared the cold war to the Peloponnesian War. William Blake - 1757-1827. English poet. His ideas clashed with classical philosophers and thinkers. Wilfred Owen - World War I poet. Wrote “Dulce et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori”. Believed that people were misled by the classical Greek idea that dying in war was great. Benjamin Constant - 1767-1830. French Politician. Believeed that the the classical world was fundamentally different from his world. Age of war is over, age of commerce has begun. January 24th- The Origins of Warfare No Key terms January 29th- Homer and History No Key Terms January 31st- The Real Trojan War Wilusa- the name of a city and kingdom in the Bronze Age, identified by most historians as Troy (Ilion) and located in what is today northwest Turkey; the Trojan War probably took place there around 1200 BC. (W)illion- The Greek name for Troy. The Trojan battle took place there around 1200 BC. Is believed by many to be associated with the Hittite empire. Taruisa- The Hittite translation for Troy. Troia- Troy Ahhiyawa, Acheans- The collective name for the Greek forces in the Trojan War Danaans, Danaja- See Myceneans. Dardanelles, Hellespont- A narrow straight in NW Anatolia. It is what made Troy so wealthy, as it is a very important strategic Thucydides- A Greek historian, wrote about the Peloponnesian Wars. This was considered the first scientific history text, with no God intervention. Dendra Armor- A suit of armor that weighs 40 pounds. Limits mobility a lot. Pylos- 425 BC. Peloponnesian War. Athens held a fort for a few days, then was reinforced by 50 triremes. The Spartan navy was then defeated. Fresco- Pitched Battles- A battle at a set location. Clausewitzian. A-ki-reu- In linear B, is the origin of the name Achilles. Champion Battles- A 1 on 1 fight between two celebrated fighters from different armies. Might have been like wrestling. Achilles defeated Hector in the most famous Champion Battle of Troy. Myrmidons- The soldiers who were commanded by Achilles. Name means “ant people” Phalanx?- Stele of the Vultures- 2600-2500 BCE. Shows what could be the first massed infantry formation. Shardana- One of the “Sea Peoples”. Probably from Western Anatolia. Sea Peoples- 1200 BC. A mysterious confederacy of seafaring raiders. Caused a lot of poltical unrest. Low-Intensity Warfare- War without battles.
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Dolon- A Trojan spy. Was caught by Odysseus and Diomedes. Was put to death. February 5 th Phalanx- A “box” of Hoplites. Used in shock warfare. Hoplite- Circa 800 BC. Heavy infantry. Primarily middle class, so they could afford the armaments. Fought in phalanxes. Polis- A Greek city-state. Greaves- Pieces of armor that protected a soldier's legs. Hoplites wore bronze gr eaves.
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