XERXES - History 113A Xerxes The Great Darius the Great...

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History 113A Xerxes The Great. Darius the Great, King of Persia, was the supreme ruler of lands stretching from the foothills of the Himalayas to the shores of the Mediterranean Sea during the fifth century, B.C.. This Persian army was defeated only once, in 490 B.C., when Darius sent 30,000 soldiers to attack the Greek city of Athens. The Persians were badly beaten by only 7,000 Greek soldiers at the Battle of Marathon. Darius was enraged when his troops were forced to retreat back to Asia. He was making plans for a second invasion of Greece when he died unexpectedly, leaving the throne to his son, Xerxes, who was known as "He Who Rules Over Heroes," After quelling the revolt of Egypt, and appointing his brother Achaemenes as governor of Egypt, Xerxes finally decided to pursue the project of his father to punish the Athenians for their interference in the Ionian rebellion and their victory of Marathon . It took Xerxes four years to plan and prepare for his massive invasion of Greece. From every corner of the Persian Empire, Xerxes collected vast
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