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Sociology Exam 3 NotesCrimeTypes of CrimeCrimes against the personoDirect violence or the threat of violence against others.oViolent crime consists of actions – murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault –involving force or the threat of force against others.oHate crime – a criminal act against a person or person’s property by an offender motivated by racial or other biasCrimes against propertyVictimless crimesoThere are no readily apparent victims.Occupational (white-collar) crimeoComprises illegal activities committed by people in the course of their employment or financial affairs.Organized crime oBusiness operation that supplies illegal goods and services for profitCorporate CrimeoIllegal acts committed by corporate employees on behalf of the corporation and with its supportInternet crimePolitical crimeoIllegal or unethical acts involving the use of power by government officials or actsperpetrated against the government by outsiders seeking to make a political statement, undermine the government, or overthrow it. Crime StatsMost crime statistics come from the Uniform Crime Report (UCR)oPublished by FBI since 1930’s oBased on info from law enforcement agenciesAre crime stats accurate?National Crime Victimization SurveyoRandom survey of over 100,000 households.oOver 60% of all crimes are not reported to policeWhy isn’t it being reported?Who commits street crime?AgeoTypically, offender is between 18-25oAge-crime curveGenderoMajority maleSocial Class
Race/ethnicityWho are victims of street crimeMen (with the exception of rape)Young (teens and young adults)MinorityLow income (3 times more likely to be robbed, more likely to be assaulted)Who does media portray as the victims?Who does media portray as perpetrators?Crime and MediaDo you feel safer today than you did 5 years ago?Do you believe crime is up or down?FamilyThe Family: Basic ConceptsFamilies: are relationships in which people live together with commitment, form an economic unit and care for any young, and consider their identity to be significantly attached to the group. Kinship is a social bond based on blood, marriage, or adoption. Family or orientation: is the family into which a person is born and in which early socialization usually takes placeFamily of procreation: is the family that a person forms by having or adopting children.