The Passive Voice �And How To Avoid It

The Passive Voice �And How To Avoid It - The Passive...

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The Passive Voice And How To Avoid It The active voice is the “normal” or at least the far more frequent way of expressing an action in English and Spanish: Ella escribió varios dramas. She wrote several plays. (doer) (action) (thing done) (subjec t) (verb) (direct object) Nosotr os vimo s a Juana. We saw Juana. (doer) (actio n) (done-to) (subjec t) (verb ) (direct object) In the active voice, the “doer” is the subject of the verb. The “thing done” or the person “done-to” is the object of the verb. In the passive voice : the “thing done” or the person “done-to” becomes the subject of the verb and the “doer” —if one is given— becomes the agent (introduced by the word “by” in English or por in Spanish): Los dramas fueron escritos por ella. The plays were written by her. Juana fue vista por varias personas. Juana was seen by several people.
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Note that as is demonstrated above regarding the passive voice in Spanish: 1. The passive voice is formed by using the verb ser plus the past participle of a transitive verb (i.e., a verb which must be
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This note was uploaded on 08/12/2008 for the course SPAN 300 taught by Professor Duenas during the Summer '08 term at UNC.

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The Passive Voice �And How To Avoid It - The Passive...

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