Present Tense

Present Tense - Present Tense Before we begin. Reminders:...

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Present Tense
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Before we begin. .. Reminders : 1. Most present tense verb forms have several equivalents in English. For example, the form hablo may be translated in numerous ways: 2. 3. 4. I speak 5. 7. 8. I am speaking 10. hablo 11. I do speak 13. 14. I will speak 16. 17. do I speak 19. 20. I have been speaking 22. 23. The subject pronouns that accompany these verbs are: 24. singular 26. plural 27. y o I 29. 31. nosotros , nosotras we 33. 34. t ú you 36. (fa mil iar ) 38. vosotros , vos otras you 40. (familiar pl., Spain) 41. u s t e d you 43. (fo rm al) 45. ustedes you 47. (formal)
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Present Indicative of Verbs - Review of Forms A. Regular verbs . To form the present indicative of regular verbs, drop the infinitive ending ( -ar , -er , or -ir ) and add the endings given below: B. -ar D. -er F. -ir G. hablar ( to speak ) H. comer ( to eat ) I. vivir ( to live ) habl o K. hab la mo s com o M. co me mo s viv o O. v i v i m o s habl as Q. hab láis com es S. coméis viv es U. v i v ís habl a W. hab lan com e Y. co me n viv e AA. v i v e n AB. In the above examples, note that the endings for the -er and -ir verbs are identical except for the nosotros and vosotros forms .
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AC. Stem changing verbs . These verbs are also referred to as “radical changing verbs”; the word radical in Spanish means “stem” or “root”. The stem vowel undergoes a change when it is stressed in the present tense. [These verbs do not so change in any other tense —except for -ir verbs, which experience a stem change in the -ndo form, in the present subjunctive and in the preterit.] 1. o > ue (the stem vowel o changes to ue when stressed) acost ar 3. ( put to be d ) 4. acue sto, acue stas, acue sta, acostamos, acostáis, acue stan volve r 6. ( return , go ba ck ) 7. vue lvo, vue lves, vue lve, volvemos, volvéis, vue lven dorm ir 9. ( sleep ) 10. due rmo, due rmes, due rme, dormimos, dormís, due rmen 11. Similar verbs: acordarse ( remember ), almorzar ( eat lunch ), apostar ( bet ), contar ( count, relate ), costar ( cost ), encontrar ( find ), llover ( rain ), morir ( die ), mover ( move ), oler ( smell ), poder ( be able ), probar ( try, prove ), recordar ( remember ), rogar ( beg ), sonar ( sound ), soñar ( dream ), volar ( fly ). 12. e > ie (the stem vowel e changes to ie when stressed): empez ar ( beg in ) 15. empie zo, empie zas, empie za, empezamos, empezáis, empie zan querer ( wan t ) 18. quie ro, quie res, quie re, queremos, queréis, quie ren sentir ( feel ) 21. sie nto, sie ntes, sie nte, sentimos, sentís, sie nten 22. Similar verbs: advertir ( notice ), atravesar ( cross ), calentar ( heat ), cerrar ( close ), comenzar ( begin ),
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convertir ( convert ), defender ( defend ), despertar ( awaken ), divertir ( amuse ), empezar ( begin ), gobernar ( govern ), herir ( injure ), pensar ( think ), perder ( lose ) querer ( want ), sentir ( feel , regret ), tropezar ( stumble ). 23.
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Present Tense - Present Tense Before we begin. Reminders:...

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