005_handout_xvi - Often holds consulship SENATE 600 Members...

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XVI. ROMAN GOVERNMENT: THE REPUBLIC, PRINCIPATE, DOMINATE SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR SPQR THE REPUBLIC THE PRINCIPATE THE DOMINATE MAGISTRATES (elected) 2 Consuls–admin. Praetors–judges Aediles–public works Quaestors-treasury Other minor officials SENATE Ex-magistrates for life 300 before 82 BC 600 after 82 BC Advice (resolutions: SC) Foreign policy 10 TRIBUNES OF THE PLEBS PLEBEIAN ASSEMBLY 35 Tribes Patricians excluded TRIBAL ASSEMBLY 35 Tribes “Rural” middle class dominates until first century CENTURIATE ASSEMBLY 193 Centuries 5 Classes (wealth) Wealthy majority ARMY Consuls and praetors command PROVINCES PRINCEPS Tribunician power Imperium Maius (army command) Chosen by Senate
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Unformatted text preview: Often holds consulship SENATE 600 Members for life Ex-magistrates SC force of law (legislates) Choose Princeps Often defers to Princeps LEGATES From Equites and selected Senators MAGISTRATES Same as in Republic Senate chooses Imperial favor important ARMY Legates, coss. Praetors command Military units BUREAUCRACY Imperial household Administrative Taxation Treasury CITY City govt (Rome) SENATORIAL PROVINCES Settled, quiet areas IMPERIAL PROVINCES Major military forces MUNICIPIA Local rule DOMINUS Source of law Absolute rule IMPERIAL COUNCIL Advise Dominus BUREAUCRACY Imperial court Civil administration Taxation PROVINCES AND MUNICIPIA All free men citizens, also subjects Decuriones responsible for taxes SENATE City government Rome and Constantinople (2 Senates) ARMY 2 MASTERS OF THE ARMY...
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