"The World According to Deaf People"

"The World According to Deaf People" - ASL 1...

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ASL 1 Assignment #2 “The World According to Deaf People” Television is a huge part of American culture. What started in the 1930s as a luxury item, television soon became a household item. Within a few decades the television had become a staple of the modern American household. It is used as an effective means of transferring information about the world to American households. It serves as a means of entertainment, learning and discovery. The hearing population takes for granted the ease at which they can use it for information and leisure. The Deaf community can utilize this vehicle for information as well, with the help of closed captioning and subtitles. The first program to have captions was Julia Child’s “The French Chef” on August 5, 1972. It was a huge step for deaf and hard of hearing people. For the first time, they could enjoy an audio portion of a national program by reading captions. (National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders) Since then, more than 2,000 hours of entertainment, news, public affairs and sports are captioned on network, public, and cable television each week. What are captions? Captions are words on the television screen that describe what is going on audibly during the show. They are matched up with the show so that a viewer can follow the action and dialogue simultaneously. Not only do they cover the dialogue portion of the program, but also the background noises, such as important sound effects that lend to the telling of the story. (NIDCD) There are two kinds of captions. Closed captions require a set-top decoder or a TV with a built-in decoder circuitry. Open captions, on the other hand, show up on all
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television sets, even those without a decoder. Open captions were popular in the past, but
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This note was uploaded on 08/15/2008 for the course ASL U101 taught by Professor Lipsky during the Fall '07 term at Northeastern.

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"The World According to Deaf People" - ASL 1...

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