Card SortBATTLES OFLEXINGTON ANDCONCORD*“shot heard ‘round the world”*First shots of this war*proved the colonists WOULDfightCAPTURE OF FORTTICONDEROGA*Location was a strategic door to Canada.*first American victory*Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold capturedthe fort*obtained needed cannons for future battlesBATTLE OFBUNKER HILL-Actual location = Breed’s Hill-Americans were winning until they ran outof ammunition Proved the Americans COULDfightBATTLES OFTRENTON ANDPRINCETON-Americans “Crossing the Delaware” to defeat they Hessians on Christmas Day-Americans used campfire trick to win.-Another American victory finalized the winand boosted morale among the extremely worn-down solider and encouraged them to continue their enlistments.BATTLE OFSARATOGA-American victory in upstate New York-Victory convinced French to ally with Americans as it appeared they stood a chance.-American hero of this battle was Benedict Arnold, who later betrayed his country.
Card SortVALLEY FORGE-American army retreated to a valley in Pennsylvania for the winter, when armies didn’t traditionally fight. -Winter was very harsh winter and provisions were scarce.-Surviving this winter came to symbolize perseverance of the Americans.BATTLE OF KING’SMOUNTAIN-Major Ferguson’s Tory force, mainly American Loyalists from South Carolina VS. approximately 1,000 American frontiersmen-The latter charged a hillside in “backcountry” South Carolina multiple times, demonstrating lethal marksmanship, and surrounded Ferguson’s force.-Ferguson, too prideful and unwilling to surrender to such backwoods, untrained simpletons, led a suicidal charge down the mountain, where they shot him down and killed him.-Some of his men tried to surrender, but were slaughtered in cold blood by the frontiersmen, who were bitter over British abuses of power in the Carolinas. -Secured the South for the Americans.BATTLE OFYORKTOWN-American victory that was solidified by the French navy who blocked the coast to prevent enemy retreat-The enemy surrendered and this was the last major battle of this war.GeorgeWashington-Commander of the American army-Avoided any situation that threatened the destruction of his army-Led victories of Princeton and Trenton-Led his troops in surviving the harsh winter at Valley ForgeFriedrich vonSteuben-Prussian drill-master who trained the American troops during their extremely harsh winter at Valley Forge.
Card SortGeorge RogersClark -Commander who led significant victories in the Ohio Valley that strengthened American land claims at the negotiating table.-Namesake for Clarksville, TNMarquis de LaFayette-French nobleman-Assisted George WashingtonLater went home to France to encourage revolution thereFrancis Marion(a.k.a. “TheSwamp Fox”-Also known as “the Swamp Fox”-Led daring raids against the enemy in the South-After the raids, he and his men would fadeinto the swamps where the enemy couldn’t pursue themTREATY OF PARIS1783-Recognition of the United States of