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Exam 1 Study Guide

Exam 1 Study Guide - Chapter 2 Psychosocial Health Basic...

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Chapter 2: Psychosocial Health Basic elements shared by people who are psychosocially healthy: They feel good about themselves They feel comfortable with other people They control tension and anxiety They are able to meet the demands of life They curb hate and guilt They maintain a positive outlook They enrich the lives of others They cherish the things that make them smile They value diversity They appreciate and respect nature When a person’s mental health begins to deteriorate, he may experience sharp declines in rational thinking ability and increasingly distorted perceptions Four basic types of emotions (Richard Lazarus): Resulting from harm, loss, or threats Emotions resulting from benefits Borderline emotions such as hope and compassion More complex emotions such as grief, disappointment, bewilderment, curiosity Emotionally unhealthy people are much more likely to let their feelings overpower them – highly prone to outbursts Social isolation – consequence of unstable emotional responses Presence of strong social bonds and key social supports are particularly important to social health External Factors that Influence Psychosocial Health: Family The Wider Environment (persistent stressors, uncertainties, threats) People who exhibit the following traits are often psychosocially healthy: extroversion, agreeableness, openness to experience, emotional stability, and conscientiousness Two main biological purposes of sleep: conservation of energy and restoration Sleep duration is controlled by circadian rhythms, which are linked to the hormone melatonin Other ways to control sleep patterns: staying up late, drinking coffee, lots of physical exercise, eating a heavy meal, or using alarm clocks Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is the most important period of sleep – period in which we dream Methods for conquering insomnia: Establish a consistent sleep schedule Evaluate your sleep environment Exercise regularly
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Limit caffeine and alcohol Avoid eating a heavy meal right before bedtime and don’t drink lots of liquids before bed If you’re unable to sleep in 30 minutes, get up and do something else If you nap, do so only during the afternoon Establish a relaxing nighttime ritual that puts you in the mood to sleep Laughter has the following health effects: Stressed out people with a strong sense of humor become less depressed and anxious than those with a lesser sense of humor Students who use humor as a coping mechanism report that it predisposes them to experiencing a positive mood Patients who recovered in a study of suicidal and depressed senior citizens, were the ones who demonstrated a sense of humor Telling a joke increases our sense of belonging and social cohesion Laughter sharpens immune system by activating T-cells and increases production
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Exam 1 Study Guide - Chapter 2 Psychosocial Health Basic...

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