AmHistyChap10 - Chapter 10 The Changing American Population...

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Chapter 10 - The Changing American Population The American Population – (1820-1840) - population increased dramatically - U.S. became concentrated in the industrial centers of the Northeast and Northwest o Provided a labor force for the growing factory system - Overall o Population increasing o Migrating westward o Economic growth o Moving to towns and cities - U.S. growing faster than any other European nation o Improvements in public health o Number of epidemics down o High birth rate o Average 6.14 was number of children bore by women o Greater life expectancy o Immigration Lower transportation costs Higher economic opportunities Immigration boom - Number of Irish Catholics increased - Urban growth attributed to European immigration and substantial internal migration - Largest cities – Northeast o Example – New York City o Superior natural harbor o Erie canal o Liberal state laws Immigration and Urban Growth (1840-1860) - Growth of cities accelerated dramatically - 1860 – 26% of the population of the free states was living in towns/cities - higher in North than South -
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