2.22.06 Midterm Assignment

2.22.06 Midterm Assignment - Polsci 117 Midterm Assignment...

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Polsci 117 Midterm Assignment 2/22/06 Introduction During his presidency of Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini enjoyed great popularity and success as a leader and led with a very particular strategy. The basic premise underpinning Khomeini’s action was to retain a balance of power in government. He sought to ensure that none of the major political factions in Iran gained more power than the others as if to become institutionally dominant. Khomeini prevented any one ideological faction from dominating the Iranian government through his shrewd political actions, using his own influential support to help shift power from one faction to another, fostering the growth of a government that he believed best served the will of the people of Iran and therefore the interest of the nation of Iran. After Khomeini’s death, the nature of factionalism in Iran was altered dramatically with the insertion of a president, Ayatollah Khamenehi, who did not seek to balance political ideologues in the same manner. Without Khomeini there was no institutional mechanism to prevent a single faction from monopolizing Iran’s institutional power. This led to a new dynamic in Iranian politics.
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Body As the Fifth Parliamentary Elections of 1996 approached, factional politics were yet again on the brink of a new era; an era where for the first time the existence of a faction, the left, was at risk. The conservative right had been able to consolidate its control over a number of government institutions and isolate the left. The left could no longer struggle back and forth with the conservative right, as they were being forced right out the door. The conservative right held control of the Majlis and was threatening to take control of an even greater stake after the impending elections. This forced the left to look for a new plan of action. At the same time, tensions were heightening between President Rafsanjani and the two rights, signifying a possible division within the right. It became apparent that Rafsanjani no longer had the same full support from the right as he once did, and in fact there were two distinct ideological groups being defined, one of which supported Rafsanjani, the other of which did not. The result of this ongoing division within the
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2.22.06 Midterm Assignment - Polsci 117 Midterm Assignment...

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