Iran- Factions

Iran- Factions - Iran- Factions Khomeini Era Differences in...

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Iran- Factions Khomeini Era Differences in opinions regarding policies: foreign policy, economy, socioeconomic 2 main factions Conservative Radical Conservatives later known as the Conservative Right or Traditional Right Beliefs non-revolutionary stance on the regime believed in private property strict enforcement of sharia law opposed the export of revolution to other Islamic countries free market economy Supporters traditional bourgeoisie bazaar merchants orthodox clergy, highly religious people many members of the Qom seminary Society of Combatant Clergy (JRM)- organizational backbone of conservatives most powerful religio-political organization until 1997 Original Members o Khamenehi- Pres., second Supreme Leader o Rafsanjani- President of Iran, speaker of the majlis o 2 Prime ministers o 3 heads of the judiciary o 2 speakers of parliament -membership has changed since the Revolution Goals o guard the achievements of the revolution o propagate Islamic learning o oversee all Iranian organs and institutions o strengthen islam within iran Conservatives- much support from the clergy and the bazaar Mosques and Bazaar- traditionally served as the primary area of public life
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Bazaar- hated the shah opposed his industrialization and modernization policies o threatened their livelihood allied with the Revolution, maintained an alliance with Conservatives Radicals aka the Left Beliefs supported the cause of the poor export the revolution tolerant view of socioeconomic policies supported state sponsored redistribution policies Supporters Montazeri Beliefs mixed economy nationalization of domestic industries high taxation progressive cultural views dynamic interpretation of the law IRP party- more radical followers of Khomeini dynamic fiqh public should have a role in governing the nation, but through Islamic channels support for Islamic means of governance- weakened secularist opposition groups continue and export revolution Other semi-faction: Rafsanjanites supported the views of Rafsanjani- Speaker of the Majlis generally voted with Conservatives while Khomeini was alive due to economic views and pragmatic foreign policy Rafsanjani- voted with Conservatives until 1992 at odds w/ conservatives, formed the Modern Right in 1992 Post-Khomeini Factions- formed out of these core groups
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Divisive Issues Views on Political Islam and the interpretation of fiqh (religious jurisprudence) 2 ends of spectrum traditional interpretation o laws based on the 2 pillars of Islam (Qoran and the Sonna) are all that is necessary to govern Islamic society o other laws should only be issued by religious figures in special circumstances that make them entirely necessary o political order should resemble that of the Prophet’s o new issues should be dealt with in the context of the traditional fiqh Supporters: Conservatives -society must adapt to traditional Islamic law
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This document was uploaded on 08/17/2008.

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Iran- Factions - Iran- Factions Khomeini Era Differences in...

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