Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 Firearms Definitions: Legal...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 16 pages.

Chapter 4FirearmsDefinitions:Legal Definition of FirearmFirearms or arms as herein used, included rifles, musket, carbine,shotgun, pistol, revolvers, and all other deadly weapons, to which a bullet, ball, shot,shell, or other missiles maybe discharge by means of gun powder or other explosives.This term also includes air rifle, except such of being of small caliber and limited rangeused as toys. The barrel of any firearm shall be considered a complete firearm for allpurpose hereof. (Sec 877 Revised Administrative code/ Sec. 290 National InternalRevenue Code)Technical DefinitionFirearm is an instrument used for the propulsion of projectile by means of theexpansive force of gases coming from burning gunpowder. (FBI Manual of FirearmsIdentification).Classification of FirearmsA. Two General Classification of Firearms (According to Interior BarrelConstruction).1.Smooth-Bore Firearms= Firearms that have no rifling ( lands and grooves)inside their gun barrel.Example: Shotguns and Musket2.Rifled-Bore Firearms= firearms that have rifling inside the gun barrel.Example: Pistol, Revolver, and other modern weapons.B.Main Types of Firearms (According to the caliber of the projectile propelled).1.Artillery - refers to those type of firearms that propels projectile with more thanone inch diameter.Example: cannons, Mortals and Bazookas.2.Small Arms - Are firearms that propels projectile with less than one inchdiameter and it can be handled. Moved and operated by one man.Example: Machine gun, shoulder arms and handguns.
2.1Machine gunsMachine gun is a type of firearm that is primarily designed for military use. Evenin Investigation of shooting cases done in the city, it is not usual or common toencounter this type of firearm having been used. It can be grouped in three generaltypes:a.Recoil-operated - a type of machine gun devised with a recoil spring that isresponsible for forcing the breech block to move forward causing anothercartridge to be loaded only after the breech block moves rearward and emptyshell is extracted upon firing.3.Gas-operated - is a type of machine gun equipped with gas part at theanterior portion of the barrel. When a cartridge is fired and the bullet reach thegas part some high-pressure gas will move to the gas cylinder causing thepiston to move to the rear moving or pulling the breech block to the rear. Atthis time, the pressure in the chamber has dropped to safe limits and thevarious parts are returned to the firing position by the action of the springaround the piston.4.Combined recoil and gas operated action - in this type of machine gun thegas operation merely serve to unlock the breech block by the pressuremoving to the gas port, passing through the gas cylinder and causing thepiston to move to the rear, moving the can to raise the lock through a stud.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 16 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Summer
Professor
N/A
Tags
shotgun, Firearm, Rifle, Handgun, machine guns, Firearm actions

Newly Uploaded Documents

Show More

Newly Uploaded Documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture