Review 1 - Key terms Political equality The principle that all citizens are the same in the eyes of the law Majority Rule The central premise of direct

Review 1 - Key terms Political equality The principle that...

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Key terms Political equality : The principle that all citizens are the same in the eyes of the law. Majority Rule : The central premise of direct democracy in which only policies of a majority (50% +1) of voters will be made into law. Popular Sovereignty : The notion that the ultimate authority in society rests with the people. Political Culture : Commonly shared attitudes, beliefs, and core values about how government should operate. Personal Liberty : A key characteristic of U.S. democracy. Initially meaning freedom from governmental interference, today it includes demands for freedom to engage in a variety of practices without governmental interference or discrimination. Republic : A government rooted in the consent of the governed; a representative or indirect democracy. Conservative : One who favors limited government intervention, particularly in economic affairs. Liberal : One who favors greater government intervention, particularly in economic affairs and in the provision of social services. Constitution : A document establishing the structure, functions, and limitations of a government. Checks and Balances : A constitutionally mandated structure that gives each of the three branches of government some degree of oversight and control over the actions of the others. Separation of Powers : A way of dividing the power of government among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, each staffed separately, with equality and independence of each branch ensured by the Constitution. Enumerated Powers : The powers of the national government specially granted to Congress in Article I, section 8 of the Constitution. Supremacy Clause : Portion of Article VI of the Constitution mandating that national law is supreme to all other laws passed by the states or by any other subdivision of government. Bill of Rights : the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which largely guarantee specific rights and liberties. Civil Rights : The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by governments or individuals.

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