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American History-Colonies

American History-Colonies - American History He is looking...

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He is looking for an argument! Chapter Successful Colonies (North V. South)(Not so successful) Jamestown 1607 (Roanoke failed) Plymouth 1620 Homogenous (religiously) Puritans “Saints” Crops didn’t succeed, nor did hunting or fishing. NOT Farmers, weren't adequately prepared Many were leaving as soon as they could, many more were dying from starvation and disease The only thing that saved them was trade with the Indians (textiles, tools, alcohol) Forbidden by management to trade firearms with the Indians, but by the mid 16 th century, they were. Virginia: Super dependent on Indians… they worried more about producing things to trade and sell than providing their own sustenance. Indians had power. Administrators turned Jamestown into a commune. “Dales Code” and forced people to go to work 1614-20s. Forced people to not just grow tobacco… very communistic. Indians at this time were not united and had no means or way to organize a rebellion… The Indians benefited from English trade…. By the thing the Indians did have the incentive the English were too strong. Didn’t think that there was a racial or biological difference, just thought that they were ignorant. The English felt that the Indians were like the poor in England… it was a feeling of class instead of race. After Beacon’s rebellion turned it from a class issue to a race issue. Enclosure movement started in 16 th century, full on in 17 th -8 th century….The idea of property was being re-defined and it was no longer a communal, there were no commons…. Land ownership becomes ONLY private ownership… Indians did not privatize their lands… owned territory communally. “Civilized” people owned property privately, “privative” people owned it communally. Indians’ staggering death toll was a sign that Indians were being removed by some divine force that wanted the settlers to move into their land. Clearing away the old to make way for the new. Their superiority is supported by God. Tobacco is an extractive crop.. Depletes nutrients from the soil… year after year the yields grow smaller…. Planters had to get their hands on new territory- Chesapeake region there was a hunger for new land. Settlers would not change crops because tobacco more money. Willing to risk diplomatic pressure w/ indians in order to get more land. Plus the land was “vacant” and had no owner. Armed with negative attitudes towards Indians and Western Greed… but not at the beginning… usually Indians and English worked together for their own interest. C.1622 the Indians in Virginia tried to kill off the settlers “Virginia Massacre” Antagonism developed American History Title Chapter , American History
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Whites would look at the Indians as one group instead of separate tribes, there were traditional rivals between neighboring tribes. From the English they could get tools and weapons to fight these fights… the Indians saw them as allies.
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