2. Defining Counseling - Defining Counseling/Clinical...

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Unformatted text preview: Defining Counseling/Clinical Psychology I. II. III. IV. Portfolio Assignment #1: (10 points) Readings: Chapter 1 text Handouts: none Lecture Outline: A. What is counseling/therapy? 1. 2. B. Definitions Counseling or Psychotherapy Who is the counselor/therapist? 1. 2. Counseling professions Training Models Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 1 Portfolio Assignments • Must be typed, double-spaced, length varies with assignment. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. My Role as a Counselor, I (10 points) Ethical dilemmas (20 points) Intake interview (20 points) Your Personal Theory (20 points) Audio/videotaped therapy role-play (20 points) My Role as a Counselor II (10 points) Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 2 Example Portfolio Assignment Portfolio Assignment #1: My Role as a Counselor, I • This assignment is the first half of a 2-part assignment. • • • • It is intended to be a developmental exercise, allowing you to assess your counseling goals and interests preand post-course. This assignment should be a minimum of 2 typed pages. It is worth 10 points, and the second portion, My Role as a Counselor, II (to be completed at the end of the semester) is also worth 10 points. You should address the following types of information: Why are you taking this course? Etc., more sample questions to address are listed on assignment instruction handout. Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 3 A. What is Counseling/Therapy? 1. Definitions: a. Jerome Frank (1973): common factors in counselors/therapists: • commitment to help clients • inspire faith; hope • advocates for client (mediator) • listens empathically • helps client understand their suffering • actively involved in change process Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 4 A. What is Counseling/Therapy? b. Others (including Gottman & Markman, 1978): – Counselors/therapists……. • are trained professionals. • have knowledge base & proven techniques. • DON’ T rely on folk wisdom or intuition. • are aware of current developments. Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 5 A. What is Counseling/Therapy? c. Other common notions: • Counseling/therapy is art as well as science (??) • Process vs. Content • Counselors/therapist maintain high ethical standards. • Counseling/therapy is directed toward positive change (behavioral, emotional, attitudinal). Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 6 A. What is Counseling/Therapy? 2. Counseling or Psychotherapy? TRADITIONAL distinctions: COUNSELING = Prevention focus Less intensive Goals focus on educational & developmental concerns Work setting: educational # of sessions: 12-15 PSYCHOTHERAPY = Intervention/Reparative focus Intensive Goals are remedying/ overcoming problems Work setting: hospitals; private practice # of sessions: longer interventions Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 7 A. What is Counseling/Therapy? Continuum (Brammer et al., 1993) COUNSELING PSYCHOTHERAPY Educational; vocational Supportive Situational Oriented in present Emphasis on “ normal” “ dysfunction” Short term Reconstructive Analytical In-depth Oriented in past Emphasis on Long term Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 8 B. Who is the counselor/therapist? 1. Counseling Professions • Paraprofessionals, social work, Psy.D., Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry • Typically presented as a continuum, emphasizing quantitative differences vs. the more important qualitative differences (e.g., Differences in training, orientation, skills, work settings) Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 9 B. Who is the counselor/therapist? Profession Training requirements Expertise Work settings Psychology M.A. 2 yr. ProgramPh.D. & Psy.D.: 4 yrs. coursework, research & clinical training + 1 yr. Clinical internship Tx/intervention, assessment, Research ; Medication! Private practice; outpatient clinics; academia Psychiatry M.D., 3-yr. Residency; license Biological basis of M.I., Dx, medication Hospitals; private practice Social Work B.A./M.A. 2-yr. Licensed = LCSW Community resources; systemic approach/ understanding Government settings; social welfare; hospitals; private practice (LCSW) Psychiatric Nurse Associate or Bachelor; R.N. (most have advanced nursing degree Biological basis of MI; basic understanding of meds/psychiatric meds Hospital units; sometimes outpatient clinics Paraprofessional Varies greatly; sometimes no formal training2 yrs. Most often personal experience Substance abuse clinics; hospital units Psychiatric Technician 2 years of college Areas that counsel: School, Education, Counseling, Clinical Custodial care and duties; Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 protective Hospitals 10 B. Who is the counselor/therapist? 2. Training models: • Scientist-practitioner (Boulder Model, 1949); Universitybased Programs • Professional Model (Vail Model, 1973); Professional schools; Less research; Applied focus (therapy & assessment); Psy.D. no dissertation Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 11 ...
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