Unformatted text preview: Defining Counseling/Clinical
IV. Portfolio Assignment #1: (10 points)
Readings: Chapter 1 text
A. What is counseling/therapy?
2. B. Definitions
Counseling or Psychotherapy Who is the counselor/therapist?
2. Counseling professions
Training Models Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 1 Portfolio Assignments
• Must be typed, double-spaced,
length varies with assignment. 1.
6. My Role as a Counselor, I (10 points)
Ethical dilemmas (20 points)
Intake interview (20 points)
Your Personal Theory (20 points)
Audio/videotaped therapy role-play (20 points)
My Role as a Counselor II (10 points) Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 2 Example Portfolio Assignment
Portfolio Assignment #1: My Role as a Counselor, I • This assignment is the first half of a 2-part assignment.
• It is intended to be a developmental exercise, allowing
you to assess your counseling goals and interests preand post-course.
This assignment should be a minimum of 2 typed
pages. It is worth 10 points, and the second portion,
My Role as a Counselor, II (to be completed at the end
of the semester) is also worth 10 points.
You should address the following types of information:
Why are you taking this course?
Etc., more sample questions to address are listed on
assignment instruction handout. Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 3 A. What is Counseling/Therapy?
a. Jerome Frank (1973): common factors in
counselors/therapists: • commitment to help clients
• inspire faith; hope
• advocates for client (mediator)
• listens empathically
• helps client understand their suffering
• actively involved in change process Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 4 A. What is Counseling/Therapy?
b. Others (including Gottman & Markman, 1978):
• are trained professionals.
• have knowledge base & proven techniques.
• DON’ T rely on folk wisdom or intuition.
• are aware of current developments. Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 5 A. What is Counseling/Therapy?
c. Other common notions:
• Counseling/therapy is art as well as science (??)
• Process vs. Content
• Counselors/therapist maintain high ethical standards.
• Counseling/therapy is directed toward positive change
(behavioral, emotional, attitudinal). Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 6 A. What is Counseling/Therapy?
2. Counseling or Psychotherapy?
TRADITIONAL distinctions: COUNSELING =
Goals focus on educational
& developmental concerns
Work setting: educational
# of sessions: 12-15 PSYCHOTHERAPY
Goals are remedying/
Work setting: hospitals;
# of sessions: longer
interventions Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 7 A. What is Counseling/Therapy?
Continuum (Brammer et al., 1993)
Oriented in present
Emphasis on “ normal”
Short term Reconstructive
Oriented in past
Long term Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 8 B. Who is the counselor/therapist?
1. Counseling Professions
• Paraprofessionals, social work, Psy.D., Clinical Psychology,
Psychiatry • Typically presented as a continuum, emphasizing quantitative differences vs. the more important qualitative
differences (e.g., Differences in training, orientation, skills,
work settings) Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 9 B. Who is the counselor/therapist?
requirements Expertise Work settings Psychology M.A. 2 yr. ProgramPh.D. &
Psy.D.: 4 yrs. coursework,
research & clinical
training + 1 yr. Clinical
Medication! Private practice;
academia Psychiatry M.D., 3-yr. Residency;
license Biological basis of
medication Hospitals; private practice Social Work B.A./M.A. 2-yr. Licensed =
understanding Government settings;
social welfare; hospitals;
private practice (LCSW) Psychiatric Nurse Associate or Bachelor;
R.N. (most have
advanced nursing degree Biological basis of
meds Hospital units; sometimes
outpatient clinics Paraprofessional Varies greatly; sometimes
no formal training2 yrs. Most often
experience Substance abuse clinics;
hospital units Psychiatric
Technician 2 years of college Areas that counsel: School,
Clinical Custodial care
protective Hospitals 10 B. Who is the counselor/therapist?
2. Training models:
• Scientist-practitioner (Boulder Model, 1949); Universitybased Programs • Professional Model (Vail Model, 1973); Professional
schools; Less research; Applied focus (therapy &
assessment); Psy.D. no dissertation Psych 3083_Definitions_2015 11...
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