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Kevin JohnsonAC1100328World Civilization IAssignment 6Just like with each President of the United States, each Emperor of China had their own goals. The best examples of this are comparing the Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties. The political, economic, and social lives varied among the dynasties. Some rulers helped promote knowledge and growth while others were more concerned about themselves that they ruined the kingdom.The Sui dynasty started by Yang Jian who ruled as Emperor Wendi from 581 to 604. During this time, the civil service system was restored and a nationwide law code was created called the Kaihuang Codex. This book was divided into 12 volumes in which there were 500 punishments subdivided into five kinds and 20 grades. At the beginning of the unification of china in 589, the agricultural acreage increased greatly which promoted the crop yield. Meanwhile since commerce was so prosperous there was a need for a national economy. A seriesof policies such as the Juntian System and Zutiao System were carried out. The Juntian System was about division of fields based on the number of people in each household. The Zutiao was about tax moderation. Between the two policies, the farmland was distributed and moderated the tax rates while increasing the fiscal revenue of the government. To further boost the economy, Emperor Wendi ordered to coin standard ‘Wuzhu’ coins, standardized bronze measuring buckets and iron rulers. Emperor Yang only ruled for a brief period of time from 604 to 618. He ordered his people to dredge the Grand Canal. The canal was initially used enhance communication between the north and south. While functioning as the main transportation artery, it played an important role in the economic and cultural exchange between the two areas. Emperor Yang also
imposed harsh taxes and sacrificed laborers lives to erect an extravagant palace, completed the Grand Canal and rebuilt parts of the Great Wall. Toward the end of his reign, He launched catastrophic wars that essentially ruined the economy by forcing peasants to leave their fields and serve in the army and prompted widespread rebellion. For the first time in Chinese history, there was a new political system called three departments and six ministries. Under this new system, the royal power was enhanced and the work division in the court became detailed. The Three departments are similar to the Judicial, Executive and Legislative departments of the U.S. The Zhongshu Sheng had the main functions of transmitting the emperor’s intentions, overseeing confidential files, and issuing government orders. The Menzia Sheng shared some responsibilities of overseeing confidential files of the government but also had the responsibilities of discussing state affairs, checking official orders and had the right to dispute or ban orders. The Shangshu Sheng had the major responsibility to carry out orders which had been written by the Zhongshu Sheng, checked by the Menxia Sheng, and rejudged by the Emperor. Another responsibility of the Shangshu sheng was the