ch 16 so what - APUSH Ch. # 16 Kaplan Themes: Continued...

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APUSH Kaplan Ch. # 16 Themes: Continued confliction between North and South Severe divisions between legislative and executive branches Lack of plan for Reconstruction of Union “So What” The conclusion of the Civil War in 1865 did not come because the North and the South had resolved the problems that caused the war in the first place, it came because the North was victorious militarily. There remained, therefore, the tensions and questions that caused the war in the first place. The North and South continued to be divided and new questions of how to treat those loyal to the Confederacy and the newly freed slaves further divided the country. To complicate the issue, President Andrew Johnson was not intended to be president- he had been chosen as vice president to Abraham Lincoln to broaden the ticket. Though a Republican, Johnson was a southerner who agreed with the abolition of slavery, but was also for the establishment of white supremacy in the south, an idea that conflicted with the Republican congress. A divide between the executive and legislative branch led to a lack of strong federal leadership on how to reconstruct the country. Because the government was so divided, the laws that attempted to protect African Americans were largely not enforced, ultimately leading many Northerners to become disinterested and forget the issue entirely and allow southerners to strip African Americans of their rights. With Lincoln’s death in 1865, he left the issue of Reconstruction to successor Andrew Johnson. Lincoln had felt personally responsible for the deaths and suffering of Confederate soldiers, and was therefore quick to forgive in his Ten Percent Plan to allow the Confederate states to set up union governments once 10 percent of the state had pledged allegiance to the union. Congress desired a more radical plan, advocating the Wade-Davis Bill, which required 50 percent of the voters to take an oath of loyalty.
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ch 16 so what - APUSH Ch. # 16 Kaplan Themes: Continued...

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