Exam 2 Review - Exam 2 Review Balance Theory Describes how...

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Exam 2 Review Balance Theory Describes how we strive for balance or consistency in our lives, our relationships with other people, the various attitudes we have about various things, our attitudes and our behavior o John and Dave both like each other so balanced but asked Dave and he said not friend so john finds out and changes his mind too so both not friends, balanced. o Throw Ken in the picture, through friendship with John Dave more likely to become friends with Ken If Dave and Ken don’t get along but they get along with John so John has to make a choice and he values Dave more so leave Ken out of picture If you want to see if something is balance multiply all sides if end product is negative then not balanced, if odd number negatives not balanced. Ken now doesn’t like John so – times – time + is balanced. o Tim and John are friends, John and Dave are friends---through their mutual friendship with John, Tim and Dave will become friends (balance) Same goes with someone a mutual friend doesn’t like Symmetrical o John and Tim are friends, John and Jeff are friends but Tim and Jeff just don’t get along --- something has to change here --- John has to change his relationship with either Jeff or Tim to restore balance (Asymmetrical) o We have Republican, capital punishment, prolife. Said if we believe in prolife then we cant support the death penalty so he changes his mind to restore balance Cognitive Dissonance o When there is a conflict in our cognitive thoughts it creates a disturbance in our thoughts and emotions. When attitude of our behavior and actual behavior clash We try to rationalize our behavior and/or thoughts When our attitudes do not match our behavior, we are more likely to change our attitudes than change out behavior Difference thoughts and attitudes or attitudes of our behavior We don’t like CD so try to get rid of it so John will change his mind about the death penalty Power What is power? What are the different types of authority? What are some of the advantages of giving someone power over us? o Power The ability to get other people to do what you want them to do whether they like it or not o Three Different Sources of Power: Control Over Resources
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If I have something you need, then I can specify what I want from you in exchange for what you need Tangible or intangible, could be skills or knowledge Control Over People Authority of the person Some people in position tell other people what to do Bush told people to invade Sudan Hussein but many people did not want to do that Military has power but Bush told them to go to war and they went because he was the president and commander in chief of armed forces, he has the authority Use of Force Someone puts gun to your head you will do what they want What is authority?
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