Vocab Cold War - Lani Lee Vocabulary List for the early...

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Lani Lee Vocabulary List for the early Cold War 1. Harry Truman was the US President from 1945 to 1953. After World War II, he signed the United Nations charter, ratifying the international organization for peace. He also signed the act initiating the European Recovery Program, which supplied sixteen European countries with economic support to rebuild the damaged sites. In Europe, the partitioning of Germany, especially Berlin, added to the increased hostility between the Soviet Union and the western powers. In 1948, Truman created a massive airlift in response to the Soviet Union’s blockade of West Berlin. In 1949, he created the military alliance with the western nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. With increasing tensions with the Soviets, he issued the Truman Doctrine in 1947 that expressed the US intention to aid any country threatened by communism. Therefore, he sent aid to Greece and Turkey when the Soviets were pressuring the two countries. Also, he supported the South Koreans in the Korean War, as he believed the Soviet Union, backing the North, was trying to take over the Korean peninsula. The Cold War between the Soviets and the US began under his presidency. 2. Clement Atlee was the British Prime Minister from 1944 to 1951. He took the place of Winston Churchill in the election by promoting domestic policies Churchill had neglected. Although he was part of the somewhat socialist British Labor Party, he did not trust Stalin. The British foreign policy in his office included the end of World War II, reconstructing the damaged cities of Britain, the decolonization of many British colonies, and the situation with Germany. The British held a part of Germany and a part of Berlin, which were used to rebuild the British economy and to keep a watch on the Soviet sectors. They brought in a new currency their sectors, which tied their economy to the British. Along with the United States, Britain became one of the members of the United Nations and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. 3. Joseph Stalin was the dictator of the Soviet Union from 1929 to 1953. During his leadership, Stalin severely weakened the Soviet military in multiple ‘purges’ of the best commanders throughout his dictatorship. He was always suspicious of any skilled or popular figure, who he believed was aiming to overthrow him. In 1948, he ordered the blockade of the highways connecting West Berlin to the rest of West Germany but abandoned the operation the year after as the Berlin Airlift as it had little effect. In 1949, he led the Soviets into a nuclear age by the first successful Soviet atomic bomb. In 1950, he permitted the North Korean dictator Kim Il-Sung to invade South Korea, beginning the Korean War. 4. Sputnik was the first vessel to be launched successfully into space in 1957. It sent radio signals to Earth strong enough to be caught by amateur radio operators. Although the full operation was not a complete success as it burned up in Earth’s atmosphere the year after, the
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