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Blood Vessels and Hemodynamics

Blood Vessels and Hemodynamics - 11 What is bulk flow What...

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VSC 400B/500B Review Questions for Blood vessels/Hemodynamics 1. Define artery and vein. Name the three layers of an artery. 2. What effect does the sympathetic nervous system have on arteries? 3. What are the types of arteries and their functions? How do their unique properties enhance these functions? 4. Name the three types of capillaries. Where are they located? How do they branch from the metarteriole? What is a thoroughfare channel? 5. How do veins function? What feature allows them to transport blood with very little pressure? Explain these systems. 6. What are the two bypass routes in fetal circulation? Why are they important? 7. Why is the aorta important? 8. Where is the body’s blood reservoir? Where is the blood pressure reservoir located? 9. Define anastomoses. Why is it important? What is collateral circulation? 10. How are gasses and materials exchanged at the capillary level?
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Unformatted text preview: 11. What is bulk flow? What are the two majors processes? What is Starling’s law of the capillaries? 12. Define net filtration pressure. What is edema? How is it caused? 13. Define velocity of blood flow, volume of blood flow, blood pressure, and resistance. 14. What are the three factors that influence resistance? How can they alter resistance? 15. Define systemic vascular resistance. 16. Explain the two pump systems that help control venous return of blood. 17. Summarize the factors that increase/decrease blood pressure and how they relate to each other. 18. How does the nervous system control blood pressure? What receptors are involved? 19. What hormones are involved in control blood pressure? How do each of them work? 20. Define shock. What are the stages of shock? 21. Define pulse, tachycardia, bradycardia, sphygmomanometer....
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