Article 1 - Works Cited Schlieper Reinhold"All Quiet On...

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Works Cited Schlieper, Reinhold. "All Quiet On The Western Front." Masterplots, Fourth Edition (2010): 1-3. Literary Reference Center . Web. 4 Nov. 2016. <!--Additional Information: Persistent link to this record (Permalink): ? url=? direct=true&db=lfh&AN=103331MP410459330000057&site=lrc-live End of citation--> All Quiet on the Western Front Erich Maria Remarque Given Name: Erich Paul Remark Born: June 22, 1898; Osnabrück, Germany Died: September 25, 1970; Locarno, Switzerland Quick Reference First published: Im Westen nichts Neues, 1928, serial; 1929, book (English translation, 1929) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical realism
Time of plot: World War I Locale: France and Germany Principal characters Paul Bäumer, a young German soldier Albert Kropp, , Müller, and Franz Kemmerich, his comrades and former classmates Tjaden, , Haie Westhus, and Detering, German soldiers Stanislaus Katczinsky, the group’s leader Himmelstoss, a training instructor Kantorek, a teacher of literature Gérard Duval, a French soldier The Story: Paul Bäumer is a young enlisted soldier. His classmates in school had been cajoled into joining the service by a teacher. Classmate Josef Behm, who had resisted enlistment, ironically is the first to die. For Bäumer, resources in the field are more important than people. With his
comrades, he has access to plentiful food because those soldiers for whom the food was meant are now either in the hospital, wounded in combat, or in mass graves. The situation is worth rejoicing over. World War I is characterized by trench warfare. Soldiers hold their own lines while periodically attempting to take the trenches of the other side or to avoid having their own trenches taken. Franz Kemmerich dies of gangrene after his leg is removed. His soft boots go to Müller, who had eyed them even before Kemmerich died. Müller is shot in the belly by a tracer bullet, and his boots go to Bäumer, who, in turn, promises them to Tjaden if he dies before him. The boots matter, and the death of individuals does not. Kantorek, the comrades’ former literature teacher and now their comrade, refers to Bäumer’s generation as the iron youth; reality consists of death and suffering. Schoolbooks report events at a political level, where emperors need to make a name for themselves by an impressive war or two and where the ideals of a country must seek fulfillment. Reality, on the other hand, dehumanizes and trivializes, and turns humans into hospital and medical classifications: belly- shot cases; spinal injuries; head shots; amputees; jaw-shot cases; gas diseases; shots into noses, ears, and necks; blindness injuries; lung shots; hip injuries; joint shots; kidney hits; testicle shots; belly hits; dripping puss; open intestines; and the bomb craters within the psyches of soldiers.

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