epic - The Epic of Gilgamesh (Sandars Penguin edition)...

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(Sandars Penguin edition) Important Peoples, Dates, and Places Mesopotamia (essentially = modern Iraq): means area between the rivers, i.e., Tigris and Euphrates Rivers Sumerians (c.3400-2000 B.C.) in southern Iraq ziggurat, cuneiform Babylonians (Semitic; c. 2000-1600 B.C.) in central Iraq (Abraham and his family thought to have left southern Mesopotamia c. 1900 B.C.) Assyrians (Semitic; c. 1200-600 B.C.) in northern Iraq; established empire extending from western Iran to Egypt; capital city: Nineveh ( Epic of Gilgamesh found in library of Asshurbanipal during excavation of site) Kings from Sumerian King-List around whom formed Heroic Cycles Lugulbanda, 3rd ruler of the first post-diluvian dynasty of Uruk Gilgamesh, 5th ruler of the first post-diluvian dynasty of Uruk (historical king c. 2700 B.C.) Some Important Gods Anu, god of firmament Enlil, god of the wind Sin, god of the moon Shamash (sun), god of justice and light Ishtar, goddess of love and war Ereshkigal (also called Irkalla) Queen of the Underworld (sister of Ishtar) Ea (sweet waters), god of wisdom and friend of mankind Annunaki (minor divinities, judges in underworld) Aruru (goddess of creation) Ninsun (mother of Gilgamesh) Tammuz (consort of Ishtar) Namtar (god of evil fate) Geographical Regions Associated with Divinities An(u) upper heavens Ki earth Kur underworld House of Death underworld Other Important Characters in the Epic of Gilgamesh Gilgamesh Enkidu trapper harlot Humbaba Dumuzi Ishulannu Bull of Heaven Scorpion-men Siduri Urshanabi Utnapishtim and his wife plant that makes old men young serpent Important Places in the Epic Uruk (Ishtar’s and Anu’s city) city of King Gilgamesh, famous for its great walls Cedar Forest (probably mountains of Syria and eastern Turkey) Egalma = Palace of Ninsun in Uruk
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This note was uploaded on 08/21/2008 for the course CLASS 40 taught by Professor Athanassakis during the Summer '08 term at UCSB.

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epic - The Epic of Gilgamesh (Sandars Penguin edition)...

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