Section 1 Review Questions 08-30-07

Section 1 Review Questions 08-30-07 - Human Physiology...

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Human Physiology (KINE 301) Test 1 — Review Questions 1. Define physiology. 2. In your own words, describe the relationship of anatomy to physiology. 3. Your text describes an attempt at understanding physiology using only the human genome project as "deconstructionist". What are the limitations of this view? 4. Quickly map the levels of organization within the human body. 5. Name the ten physiological organ systems. 6. Which of the organ systems have lumens that are continuous with the external environment? 7. Which two organ systems are most responsible for coordinating body function? 8. Explain the teleological and mechanistic approaches to examining physiological processes. 9. Define homeostasis. Describe the role of extracellular fluid in maintaining homeostasis. 10. Name two internal causes of disease and two external causes of disease. 11. Name the 4 Themes in Physiology outlined in your text. (Be familiar with these concepts.) 12. Explain compartmentation at the cellular level. 13. Give a brief example an independent and dependent variable used during examination of a physiological process. 14. Why are animal studies used so often to understand human physiology? What are a few of the limitations of animal studies? 15. Approximately how many different types of cells are found in the human body? 16. What is the distinction between cytology and cell biology? 17. What is differentiation? 18. What is the distinction between the "cytoplasm" and the "cytosol"? 19. Describe the structure of the plasmalemma. 20. Describe the consistency of the cytosol. 21. What are the most common "inclusions"? 22. Name the two divided groups of nonmembranous organelles. 23. What is the structure and function of a ribosome? 24. Name the three types of protein fibers in the cytoplasm. Give examples of each. 25. Abbreviate five functions of the cytoskeleton. 26. What is the name of the cell's "microtubule organizing center"? 27. How many centrioles are in the mictotubule organizing center? What is the structure of the centriole? 28. Microtubules are part of the structure of cilia and flagella. Describe the difference between cilia and flagella in terms of density and prevalence in the human body. 29. Name the five membranous organelles outlined in your text. 30. Be familiar with the following concepts related to mitochondria: function, cristae, matrix, intermembrane space, prokaryotic endosymbiont theory, replication. 31. The main site of fatty acid, steroid, and lipid synthesis is the __________________________________, and the main site of protein synthesis is the __________________________________. Last updated 8-30-2007
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32. What is the sarcoplasmic reticulum? 33. What is the main function of the Golgi Apparatus? 34. Describe the major function of the lysosomes.
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Section 1 Review Questions 08-30-07 - Human Physiology...

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