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Ancient Cities Test 3 Notes

Ancient Cities Test 3 Notes - Lecture 6 Etruria and Early...

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Lecture 6 Etruria and Early Rome I. Italy a. Italy is reachable from Greece b. A lot of different cultural influences in Italy c. Etruria is modern day Tuscany i. Very fertile area ii. Have some rivers iii. Area of the Etrustians II. Phoenicians III. Chronology for Early Italy a. Villanovian/Iron Age c.1000 to 750 BC b. Orientalizing Agec. 750-575 BC c. Archaic d. Classical e. Hellenistic (Roman Conquest) IV. The Etruscans a. Main Questions i. What can we say about Etruscan cities in terms of Government? ii. What can we say about Etruscan culture in general? iii. What can we say about Etruscan cultural influences? iv. Who is influencing the Etruscans and How? v. Who is the Etruscans influencing? b. Etruscan League of 12 Cities i. Archeologists don’t know which 12 cities made up the league c. Etruscan Towns i. Roselie 1. City walls that date to the archaic period a. Massive Walls b. Piled up boders c. Major Organizational Project 2. Evidence that the Etruscan city states fought against each other 3. House of the Impluvium a. Enclosed Courtyard with a water sources in the center and rooms stemming from the courtyard b. Impluvium is a hole in the roof that captures rain water c. Private Water sources i. Private Land ownership ii. Acquarossa 1. Located on a plateau 2. Divided up into zones a. Zone B- Reconstructed as a courtyard with a well in the center i. Divided into four houses that all had access to the well ii. Wattle and Daub Walls- made of reeds of wood and mud brick 1. Reeds/Thick Sticks 2. Falls apart in the rain
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iii. Mud Plaster b. State Plan of Zones C and F i. Appears to be more upscale ii. Larger buildings iii. Zone C appears to be a palace for a King 1. Courtyard buildings 2. Impluviam iv. Zone F appears to be a temple v. Terracotta Roof Plaques for buildings in zones C and F showing feasting and dancing 1. Terracotta Roof Plaques go in the same place as gutters vi. Etrusicans are participating in Elite Greek Culture 1. Lying on couches and eating vii. Feasting like in the Greek Symposium viii. Etruscians were fond of dancing iii. Marzebotta 1. Located far away from Etruria 2. Etrusican colony- etrucans are sending out colonies outside 3. Founded in the 5 th and 6 TH Century BCE 4. Set up on a Greek grid plan divided into 5. insula- city block 6. Insula IV- very organized plan which indicates someone is telling these people what to do 7. Plan of houses 2 and 5 8. Atrium House - a type of house centered around a courtyard with a water source in the middle and rooms stemming from the courtyard a. Impluvuam 9. Tabliunum - In Roman times the Tabliunum, Reception Room where the father sits and people come and ask him for favors a. Different from Aqruarossa- development to a specific architectural form that is repeated iv. Murlo 1. Famous for having a big building 2. Plan of Monumental courtyard building- elite building where the elite get together and party and have feasts and store things a. Not a lot of the building left b. Stone foundations and wattle and daub walls c. “Murlo Cowboy” i. Rare because nothing similar in Etruscan Art d.
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