Clar 120 Test 2 Notes

Clar 120 Test 2 Notes - Test 2 Notes Ancient Egypt o Around...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Test 2 Notes Ancient Egypt o Around 3000 BCE o Two surprising things o Quick urbanization o Quick expansion of the Sahara Desert Irrigation o No evidence of the same system as the Mesopotamians had o Regular flooding of the Nile River Endless supply of ground water Endless supply of nutrient rich silts Lower Egypt- Northern Egypt Upper Egypt- Southern Egypt Egypt appears as a territorial state o A political and cultural union o The first territorial state on planet earth o Highly centralized around kings and palaces Egyptian Burials – Upper Egypt Early pit burials Cosmetic Pallets Abydos o Become bigger and wealthier as time passed Ripple Flint Blades o Big flakes made by pressure flaking o Small flakes made by percussion flaking Egyptian Pottery found at burials Figural Towards the end of the pre-dynastic period pottery changed from blacktop pottery to a new style Pallet of Narmar Dates to the pre dynastic period Narmar was a king o How can we tell Hat Beard
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Mace, Club Little Guy behind him carrying sandles Serekh- a little stamp symbolizing a palace with a walled enclosure Horace- a god represented by a falcon o God of Heaven o Connected to the King o The King is Horace and Horace is the King o Dominant King of Upper Egypt dominating six plants o We don’t know what the six means On the reverse side demonstrates the aftermath of violence o Rows of dead bodies King wearing Red crown of Lower Egypt Development of small towns and communities into larger groups that eventually forms kingdoms. Two Kingdoms arose in the North and the South At the end of the pre dynastic period we don’t see cities but instead the King becomes a dominant force Royal Cemetery o Mastaba- a mound built upon a big central chamber o Around the Mastaba is area for royal burials burial chambers o Total area 25x 25 square meters o Two Stele and in between a offering mound o Mortuary Cult Egypt o Territorial state o Divine king o 3rd dynasty - Djoser monumentalized The mastaba form Elaborated on the temple complex, builds the complex Civic building project and important ritual center (community temple) Reproduced in stone: Bound papyrus columns Logs on the roof Mud brick walls
Background image of page 2
Ma'at - order - Egyptian law/justice - really means cosmic order and stability in the universe King (as Horus) keeps the order Ka - a spirit/essence/soul - identity of individual that needs to be sustained after death Sed festival (Hebsed proper) Rite of crowning the king about a generation into his reign Donning white and red crown of upper and lower egypt Serdab - a statue chamber Statue of Djoser in a chamber Holes cut in chamber for the statue to see out A place to contain the Ka (or the Ba) Future of the mortuary cult Build in stone their universe and live in it Maintenance of offerings that are meant to sustain the Ka (needs food and such to survive) (and Ba - the spirit)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 08/21/2008 for the course CLAR 120 taught by Professor Haggis during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

Page1 / 20

Clar 120 Test 2 Notes - Test 2 Notes Ancient Egypt o Around...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online