Lecture_8_Republican_Rome[1]

Lecture_8_Republican_Rome[1] - Lecture 8: Republican Rome...

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Lecture 8: Republican Rome
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Main Questions What can we say about the development of Rome as a city over time? What does the archaeology have to say about how Rome functioned as a city? What can we say about Roman cultural influences? Who is influencing the Romans and how? Who are the Romans influencing?
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Etruscan League of 12 cities (?) Solid Red: Etruria / home of the Etruscans Hatched Red: area of Etruscan influence Rome
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Larger Centers Smaller Centers Rome
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Topography of early Rome
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Early Forum Romanum
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Important Dates 509 BCE : Republic established Mid 4 th – mid 3 rd c. BCE : Expansion into and conquest of Italy Mid 3 rd c. BCE -146 BCE : Punic Wars against Carthage (conquest of Sicily, North Africa, Spain Æ 1 st provinces) 146 BCE : Conquest of Greece 146 BCE on : Continual foreign expansion 14 BCE : Augustus becomes 1 st Emperor
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The Republican Forum
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Changes in Plan of Comitium and Curia Archaic Buildings in Green Republican Buildings in Blue
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Restored Plan of Comitium and Curia (c. 3 rd c. BCE)
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Comparison of Mid- republican comitia (3 rd c BC) Rome
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Restored Plan of Comitium and Curia (c. 3 rd c. BCE)
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Reconstruction of Rostra (c. 3 rd c. BCE)
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Original direction for speakers on the Rostra
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Final direction for speakers on the Rostra
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Restored Plan of Comitium and Curia (c. 3 rd c. BCE)
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Changes in Plan of Comitium and Curia Archaic Buildings in Green Republican Buildings in Blue Curia Julia (Late 1 st c. BCE) in Red
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Restored plan of the Forum Romanum (final state) Curia Julia Regia
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Restored plan of interior of Curia Julia (late 1 st c. BCE)
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Reconstruction of Curia Julia (late 1 st c. BCE)
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Reconstruction of Curia Julia interior (late 1 st c. BCE)
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Curia Julia (late 1 st c. BCE; rebuilt in this version 3 rd c. CE, but probably always looked approximately like this)
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Republican Rome (cf. Archaic mercantile
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Lecture_8_Republican_Rome[1] - Lecture 8: Republican Rome...

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