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Lesson 1Focus:●What are the qualifications to become a state judge at each of the levels within the judiciary?●What are the different methods of judicial selection used throughout the United States? Which does Nevada use?●What are the terms of office for the various judges in Nevada?●Identify and describe the four methods of judicial removal.Judicial Qualifications, Selection and RemovalJudiciary - exists to interpret state laws and the state constitution. Separate and independent ofUS judiciary. US Federal Judiciary interprets national laws and the US constitution.There are 5 types of courts that exist in NVSupreme court●Qualifications:○Chosen in nonpartisan elections - voters decide who will become the justices. Onthe ballot there are no party affiliates listed (not saying these candidates aren’t active with a political party, indeed most of them are.)○Serve 6 year terms○25 years old○Qualified elector (non-felon)○Attorney licensed in Nevada○2 year resident of the state○As of 2005 they need 15 years legal experience. (so we have more qualified justices / judges serving. ) ○Other States use gubernatorial appointment, legislative appointment and partisanelections (party is listed on ballot) and the merit plan (Missouri plan - first state to try it.) - Merritt plan is a mixture of both appointment and election. ■Drawbacks to nonpartisan election, even in nevada the Merritt plan is prefered by many.Court of appeals●Qualifications ○25 years old○Qualified elector (non-felon)○Attorney licensed in Nevada○2 year resident of the state○As of 2005 they need 15 years legal experience. (so we have more qualified justices / judges serving. ) ○6 years○Chosen in nonpartisan elections○(SAME AS SUPREME COURT)District court●Qualifications: ○Non-partisan elections
○6 year terms○Must be 25 years old○Qualified elector○Attorney licensed in nevada○2 year resident of the state○Must have 10 years legal experience○The same as those of the supreme court and court of appeals EXCEPT with regard to legal experience. Justice court●Qualifications○Nonpartisan elections○6 year terms○Qualified electors○30 day resident of the state○High school diploma○In counties of 700,000 people or more, with towns of 100,000 people or more thecandidates must be attorneys for 5 years. ○In counties of less than 700,000 but where the town has more than 250,000 people they must also be attorneys for 5 years. ■Legislature wanted to ensure that you have qualified justices serving in large populations.■Legal complexities may increase if you have a larger population○Municipal court●Qualifications○Vary in election method○Some are chosen in nonpartisan elections and serve 4 year terms■IE: las vegas○Some are chosen by city council ■IE: boulder city○Citizen of the state○Resident of the city for 1 year○Qualified elector○Cities may also incorporate additional requirements if they wishJudges are NOT subject to term limits in Nevada. Judges can serve as long as they can be re-