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Unformatted text preview: APPENDIX A TIMELINE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES > 50,000 B.C. Brushes are developed to apply pigment to cave walls 30,000 B.C. Clothing materials are fabricated from animal skins 24,000 B.C. Ceramic materials are made from animal fat and bone, mixed with bone ash and clay 20,000 B.C. Ivory and bone are used to make sewing needles 20,000 B.C. A nonwoven fabric, later termed felt, is made from compressed wool/hair 10,000 B.C. Gourds, seapods, bones, and clay are used to make ocarinas or vessel flutes 4,000 B.C. Stones are first used to construct roads in Ur (modern-day Iraq) 3,500 B.C. Copper metallurgy is invented and used to fabricate a variety of materials 3,500 B.C. The first reported use of glass in Egypt and Mesopotamia 3,400 B.C. Linen cloth synthesized from flax is used to wrap mummies in Egypt 3,200 B.C. Bronze is used for weapons and armor 3,000 B.C. Egyptians wear clothing comprised of cotton fibers 3,000 B.C. The Egyptians construct the first stringed musical instrument 3,000 B.C. Soap is first synthesized in Egypt using wood ash and animal fat 2,600 B.C. Silk fibers are used for clothing in China 2,000 B.C. Pewter beginning to be used in China and Egypt 1,600 B.C. The Hittites develop iron metallurgy 1,600 B.C. Conceptual designs are invented for bathing suits, fabricated/named bikini in 1946 1,300 B.C. Invention of steel when iron and charcoal are combined properly 1,000 B.C. The abacus is created by the Babylonians 1,000 B.C. Glass production begins in Greece and Syria 900s B.C. Assyrians develop pontoon rafts for armies to cross rivers 800s B.C. Spoked wheels are fabricated and used throughout Europe 700 B.C. Italians invent false teeth 105 B.C. Paper is first fabricated from bamboo fiber in ancient China 50 B.C. Glassblowing techniques are developed in Syria Birth of Christ 590 Chinese scientists discover explosive mixtures consisting of sulfur, charcoal, and saltpeter (potassium nitrate) 618 Paper money is first put into use during the Tang dynasty of China (618–906) 700s Porcelain is invented in China 433 434 Appendix A. Timeline of Materials and Technological Discoveries 1156 First reported synthesis of perfume by Henchum Seiken 1182 The magnetic compass is developed and widely used in China [ 1 ] 1249 Gunpowder is designed/synthesized by Rodger Bacon 1280 The cannon is invented in China 1286 Eyeglasses are first used in Venice 1400 The first use of grenades in France, designed by an unknown inventor 1450 Crystallo, a clear soda-based glass, is invented by Angelo Barovier 1570 The pinhole camera is invented 1590 Glass lenses are developed in Netherlands and used for the first time in microscopes and telescopes 1593 Galileo invents a water thermometer 1608 The Dutch scientist Hans Lippershey invents the telescope 1612 The Flintlock firearm is developed in France 1621 John Napier invents the slide rule 1643 Torricelli makes the first barometer using mercury in a sealed glass tube 1651 The Dutch scientist Anton van Leeuwenhoek develops a microscope...
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This note was uploaded on 08/21/2008 for the course EMA 3010 taught by Professor Unknown during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.
- Fall '08