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Unformatted text preview: 1. The golden age of personality psychology at Livingston College ( lecture 5) • Resurrecting the personology approach1. all issues to be studied in context of exploring individual lives, personal worlds, histories in depth 2. mutual investigators using different methods 3. collaborative integration of findings • “Personology” – coined by Henry A. Murray (Harvard Clinic, 1938- 1960)Vanished as Murray became older; we able to reappear on Livingston • Tomkins suggested that if the 4 (Stolorow, Ogilvie, Carlson, Atwood & Rosenberg) of them were able to get a few more people, they could create a “critical mass”. A Critical mass would be something compared to a nuclear fusion where intellectuals with a common vision with a diverse background come together and collaborate their ideas. 2. Death of the golden age (Lecture 5)- • external reasons-the professional academic setting, the separateness of the individual colleges • internal reasons-jealousy and possessiveness of one's ideas. No one wanted to share anymore thus separating Atwood from Tomkins. 3. Invariant organizing principle (atwood and stolorow) (Lecture ) • they are the life themes of a person from the theory of personology. recurring affect and emotions and corresponds to underlying personality and behavior • the invariant consists of 3 elements: Contempt (side of mouth curls a bit) object is bad. Smile (false) – making nice Elf-bite (biting down on lower lip) – I hate myself, depression 4. unity thema (murray) (Lecture ) • TAT tests-study the stories for some kind of pattern and extract the underlying story which gives a clue to the history of the individual • Murray; thematic apperception test (story from a picture), study the little stories for some kind of pattern and extract the underlying story, that story gives a clue to the history of the individual • a compound of interrelated needs whose history could be traced to early childhood (from Fantasies of Flight) 5. nuclear scene and script (tomkins) (Lecture ) • liked to think of personality as a play being staged • people are replaying scenes, persons face shows distinct emotional patterns • Atwood administered the Rorschach test and video taped her facial expressionsTomkins had never met her or seen her at all..insisted that the volume be turned off when watching the video – “I see the invariant” • Example: self-bite...bite bottom lip with own teeth, the person hates themselves ….. or smile of accommodation/compliance 6. Personology (Lecture 4) o Resurrecting the personology approach1. all issues to be studied in context of exploring individual lives, personal worlds, histories in depth o mutual investigators using different methods o collaborative integration of findings o not based on quantitative but descriptive and interpretive 7. The “diagnostic council” in personological studies (Lecture 4) o Murray was involved in writing psychological narratives. Insisted that narratives be written as part of a joint venture with input from a team of...
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This note was uploaded on 08/21/2008 for the course PSYCH 338 taught by Professor Atwood during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.
- Spring '08
- Personality Psychology