lecture4f07

lecture4f07 - 1 The Self in Social Psychology Disclaimer:...

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1 The Self in Social Psychology Disclaimer: there are many class demonstrations not included in the notes (to prevent ruining them); if you miss this lecture, you should get the notes from someone in the class. Why Study the Self? Social psychology is concerned with how individuals construe and create social reality So you should not be surprised to find a whole chapter on the self in social psychology textbooks Lewin famously said: B = f (P, S) – Behavior is a function of the ___________ AND ______________ Personality psychologists stress P And sociologists focus on S Social psychologists Often put more stress on S than P, but both are important factors for predicting behavior When they talk about the self, they carve it up into into two parts The Self in Two Parts Private Self – The self as __________ – Personality, thoughts, feelings – “I” (“Who am I?”) Public Self – The self as ___________ – Social roles, impression management – “Me” (“What do you think about me?”) Class Demonstration
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2 Actor-Observer Bias • One of the most established phenomenon in social psychology • YOUR behavior is attributed to ___________________ • OTHER’S behavior is attributed to __________________________ Research (Nisbett, 1973) He used 20 sets of traits They rated a news anchor (Walter Cronkite), their best friends, and themselves They always had the option of checking “it depends on the situation” Did they use that option equally? Order in which the option was used the most: 1________________ 2.___________________3.____________________ Explanations for Actor-Observer Bias The ___________ explanation You know yourself Thus, you see more ___________________ in your behavior across situations Actor-Observer Bias & Attributions Attributions (defined): The study of assigning ___________ to behavior P-driven explanations = “___________ attributions” – Something inside the person causes behavior S-driven explanations = “________ attributions” – Something outside the person causes behavior The ____________ Attribution Error (FAE) Your text talks only about half of the actor-observer bias FAE = observer bias (the tendency to attribute others’ behavior to their personality more than to their situation) But actor bias is just as important Questions When they are the observer of someone else’s behavior, people tend to make (internal or external) attributions? When they are the actor , rating themselves, people tend to make (internal or external) attributions?
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3 Visual perspective explanation Besides the familiarity explanation, actor-observer bias might also be caused by differences in visual perspective The videotape study • Michael Ross asked two strangers to hold a conversation that was videotaped • Subjects then made attributions about both their and their partner’s behavior • Half did so without viewing the tape (the normal perspective for ________)
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lecture4f07 - 1 The Self in Social Psychology Disclaimer:...

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