lecture6f07

lecture6f07 - 1 Person Perception Note: There are several...

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1 Person Perception Note: There are several class demonstrations so be sure to get the notes if you missed this lecture • Every day, we encounter “strange people” (literally, strangers) • How do we size them up? Predict their actions? Judge their personalities? Heuristics To do this, we often rely on “rules of thumb” (heuristics) – Appearance – Nonverbal behavior – Verbal behavior These can be effective But they can also be misleading Cognitive Heuristics ___________ “rules of thumbs” for person perception ______ effects “What is beautiful is good” is a heuristic that often gets us into trouble Assuming that attractive people are also more honest and intelligent is an example of a “____ effect” Attractive people are Less likely to be convicted of crimes – And when they are, they get lighter sentences More likely to be viewed as ____________ Thought to be happier, more satisfied with life Is it true? Are attractive people, in fact, more honest, smarter, or even happier than unattractive people? Yes/No They do tend to be more _________, and as a result tend to have more ______________________
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2 Implicit personality theories (IPTs) • Halo effects are a type of IPT • Everyone has IPTs working models in our heads for what traits “___ ____________” Class Demonstration of IPT 1. _______ 2. ____________ 3. ________________ 4. ______________ 5.__________ Using IPTs Every day, we have to make judgments about others based on very little data – to “go beyond the information given” The problem is, we tend to be _____________ about these judgments “Going beyond IPTs” Besides IPTs and halo effects, people make judgments using other kinds of cognitive heuristics Let’s see if you can answer the following (circle your answer) Which causes more deaths in U.S.? Decide between each of the two available choices – Homicides vs. Diabetes – Floods vs. Infectious Hepatitis – Asthma vs. Tornados – Colon Cancer vs. Car Accidents – Appendicitis vs. Lightning Strikes Crime statistics • What percent of crimes in the U.S. are classified by the FBI as violent? A. 40% B. 25% C. 13% D. 80% • What percent of accused felons plead guilty by reason of insanity? A. 1% B. 22% C. 30% D. 11% • What percent of felony convictions are obtained through trial instead of plea bargaining? A. 50% B. 10% C. 20% D. 33%
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3 The _______________ bias Relying on information that is ____________ in memory The media plays a big role in this by overexposing us to some events, and underexposing us to others • Thus, we don’t have good information to base our opinions on • For example, we typically fear the wrong things
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This note was uploaded on 08/21/2008 for the course PSYCH 321 taught by Professor Kilianski during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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lecture6f07 - 1 Person Perception Note: There are several...

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