Class 8 2017 (Hart Lecture) - WHAT IS A 21ST CENTURY BORDER...

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WHAT IS A 21 ST CENTURY BORDER? Prof Laurie Kain Hart Anthropology My background: 20 th -21 st C civil wars, state population transfers, border theory, northern Greece, Middle East, Asia Lesbos, Greece: Syrian Migration “crisis” 2015-present US inner city segregation and poverty
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Three cases : new geographies of borders: Overview 1. Mexico-US border at Rio Grande Using the desert to do the work: “nature” as border control. 2. Mediterranean-African Frontier and Greece as Buffer Zone : ‘Out-sourcing,’ remote displacement of border--Buffer states as border-colonies of northern Europe and the US. 3. Israel-Palestine —the proliferation of new morphologies of the border within a bounded territory--the ‘three dimensional holographic frontier’; separation of people, not territory.
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THE BORDERS OF GREECE, MACEDONIA AND ALBANIA
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20 TH C POPULATION DISPLACEMENTS AND MIGRATIONS to the Greek ‘Prespa’ area
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THE ‘BORDER’ IS ALSO A PLACE—and people whose lives are shaped by it
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Tp Prespa via THE COMPULSORY “EXCHANGE OF POPULATIONS” BETWEEN GREECE AND TURKEY; in 1922-24 REPLACING MUSLIMS EXPELLED TO TURKEY 1.5+ MILLION REFUGEES TO GREECE, .5+ MILLION REFUGEES TO TURKEY
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To Prespa via state-sponsored population engineering (1950s), replacing inhabitants exiled to eastern Europe as political refugees after the Greek Civil War (1946-49)
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To Prespa via (initially) undocumented entry on foot from Albania: labor migrants as settler of depopulated rural areas
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Snagged by the Barbed Wire at the Greek-Yugoslav Border 1951
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Identity card , 1975, allowing the bearer to circulate 30 kilometers from his house within the “security zone” along the Greek side of the Yugoslav and Albanian border
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“Syrians account for 50% of the 380,000 refugees who had arrived in Europe after crossing the Mediterranean by early September, but several other nationalities are turning up in large numbers. According to UN figures, 75% of the total refugees hail from countries in the midst of armed conflict or humanitarian crises.” ALSO: Afghans, Nigerians, Pakistanis, Somalis Patrick Kingsley 10 September 2015 Syrian Migration 2014----
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http://data.unhcr.org/mediterranean/country.php?id=83 UNHCR Lesbos 94,513 migrant passages in 2016
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lkh 2016
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lkh 2016
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http://www.komistes.gr/
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FOREIGNERS OUT OF GREECE --- GREECE FOR THE GREEKS
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Why do People Move? PUSHED BY POVERTY PUSHED BY WAR AND CONFLICT PUSHED BY ENVIRONMENTAL CATASTROPHE SEEKING OPPORTUNITY PULLED BY A GLOBAL HIERARCHY OF (SPATIAL AND HUMAN) VALUE
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