Final review.wps - Final review Chapter 5 1. Define...

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-1Final review Chapter 5 1. Define mandate- Perception of popular support for a program or policy based on the margin of electoral victory won by a candidate who proposed it during a campaign 2. What is a party platform? Group of ideals that the political party stands on 3. Define incumbent- Candidate currently in office seeking reelection 4. What is a political action committee? An organization created by a corporation, union, or other interest group to collect and distribute campaign funds to candidates 5.What is meant by franking privileges? Free use of the U.S. mails granted to members of Congress to promote communication with constituents 6. What is a focus group? In a political context, a small number of people brought together in a comfortable setting to discuss and respond to themes and issues, allowing campaign managers to develop and analyze strategies 7. What is the most expensive aspect of campaigning? Media/ TV 8. What was the original negative TV ad, produced in 1964? The “Daisy Girl” commercial , aired by Lyndon B. Johnson’s presidential campaign Chapter 6 1. Define muckraking- Journalistic espose’s of corruption, wrongdoing, or mismanagement in government, business, and other institutions of society 2. What are the political views of the media elite? Liberal, Democratic 3. What area of the media is more conservative? Talk radio 4. Define horse-race coverage- Media coverage of electoral campaigns that concentrates on who is ahead and who is behind, and neglects the issues at stake 5. What is meant by prior restraint? The power of the government to prevent publication or to require approval before publication generally prohibited by the First Amendment 6. What is the equal-time rule? FCC requirement that broadcasters who sell time to any political candidate must make equal time available to opposing candidates at the same price 7. Define Libel- Writings that are false and malicious and are intended to damage an individual 8. Define slander-Oral statements that are false and malicious and are intended to damage an individual 9. What is the Sullivan rule? Court guideline that false and malicious statements regarding public officials are protected by the First Amendment unless it can be proven they were known to be false at the time they were made or were made with “reckless disregard” for their truth or falsehood 10. What is the business of the media? Chap. 7 1. Define political parties- Organizations that seek to achieve power by winning public office.
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2. What does the 12th amendment do regarding a presidential tie by the voting electors? Runoff primary 3. Define plurality- Theory that democracy can be achieved through competition among multiple organized groups and that individuals can participate in politics through group memberships and elections 4. What is a primary election? Elections to choose party nominees for public office, may be open or closed 5. Define patronage- Appointment to public office based on party loyalty
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This note was uploaded on 08/22/2008 for the course GOVT 2301 taught by Professor Williams during the Summer '07 term at Central Texas College.

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Final review.wps - Final review Chapter 5 1. Define...

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