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euh2000ch10notes - March 17, 2008 The Late Middle Ages...

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March 17, 2008 The Late Middle Ages Three Crises of the 14 th Century: Plague, War, Religion 1. Crisis #1 – The Black Death, 1348-1351 a. Plague hit many times before b. Last major outbreak was in 7 th century c. Also called bubonic plague 2. The Black Death – Causes a. Susceptible population – b/c of increasingly bad diets since start of 14 th century (1315-1317) saw huge crop failure, this left to declining health population b. Bacillus in gut of flea on black rats i. Spread most likely through trade ii. Probably originated in central Asia 3. The Black Death – Types a. Bubonic (50-60% death rate – hence “black” death) b. Pneumonic (80-90% death rate – more contagious c. Septicaemic (probably killed everyone – through direct blood/blood) 4. The Black Death – Remedies/Prevention a. Causes not known, so remedies and prevention are weird: i. Bleeding through leeches (to balance bodily humors) ii. Incense (believe it spread through noxious odors; Venetian masks originate here) 5. The Black Death – Reactions a. Some sought to reform themselves i.
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euh2000ch10notes - March 17, 2008 The Late Middle Ages...

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