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Unformatted text preview: 2. Trade with east becomes greater reality, thus established trade posts 3. Result is that Spain looks for ways to outflank Portuguese, finance Columbus d. Columbus i. Never achieved main goal of finding east ii. Educated circles thought earth was round iii. Misjudged size of earth by approx. 400% iv. Didn’t know of American land mass 2. The Columbian Exchange – Impact on Americas a. Breakdown on native civilizations (Aztecs, Incas); subjugation of natives b. Slavery (started with encomienda system every landowner got certain amount of native labor) c. Inadvertent genocide (small pox decimated native populations – why didn’t the Europeans die of disease?) d. Intermarriage and mixed populations e. Shift in balance of power to Atlantic coast and development of Atlantic economy f. Centralization of monarchies i. State building takes money, and New World provided lots of silver esp. (which initially caused inflation)...
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