euh2000ch13notes - The Reformation 1 The Renaissance An...

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The Reformation 1. The Renaissance – An event that ends the Middle Ages? a. Renaissance seen by some as beginning of modernity (Burckhardt) i. New cultural emphasis (classical ideas, art, architecture) ii. New political ideas iii. Advent of individualism 2. Or the Reformation? a. Some historians say it destroyed the thing that MOST characterized the Middle Ages i. Religious unity and agreement on ultimate question like the meaning of life 1. The Reformation permanently divides Europe much more than Renaissance 2. Some say it emphasized INDIVIDUALISM even more than the Renaissance 3. Essential doctrine of Protestantism will be assertion of an individual to decide many religious questions for themselves 3. Preconditions for the Reformation a. A print culture i. Couldn’t have spread w/o it ii. Reformation was campaign waged through press iii. Millions of flyers and pamphlets iv. 33% of all books sold in German lands btwn 1518 and 1525 were written by Luther v. Impact of printing 1. Helped spread new religious ideas (remember Wycliffe and Hus – they didn’t have advantage of printing; Catholic monks did all the printing by hand) 2. Helped with state building: standardized law code could be cheaply print and distributed to outlying areas
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3. Helped standardize languages: mass printing of books in certain dialects (as well as laws) means these dialects become most accepted forms of language (Castillian in Spain, northern Italian/Tuscan in Italy, Luther’s German in German states) b. Christian Humanism i. Northern Renaissance was more religious ii. Northern humanists (Erasmus) apply textual criticism to religious texts iii. New versions of Bible produced as knowledge of classical languages increased (esp. Greek b/c earlier, this more accurate, versions of the Bible were in Greek) iv. Reformers use these versions to argue Christianity has diverted from
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This note was uploaded on 08/24/2008 for the course EUH 2000 taught by Professor Beats during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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euh2000ch13notes - The Reformation 1 The Renaissance An...

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