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euh2000midterm1 - EUH 2000 Mid-term Review 1"out of Africa...

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EUH 2000: Mid-term Review 1. “out of Africa” thesis – earliest human ancestors migrated from Africa to Eurasia 2. Neolithic Revolution a. --what was it? – the transition to agriculture and animal domestication b. --why did it take place? i. Decline of availability of wild food; killed off by climate and skilled hunters ii. Increased availability of domesticable wild plants motivated people to domesticate them iii. Development of technologies on which agriculture depends on; baskets, blades, storage iv. Rise in population v. Agricultural people displaced/killed off hunter and gatherers at boundaries between peoples 1. More numbers (power), better technology, resistance to disease 3. Consequences of the Neolithic Revolution (6) a. Advanced agricultural techniques that produced food surpluses b. Division of labor; people are able to focus on other things; war, science, art, religion, gov’t, commerce; education c. Rise of patriarchy d. Establishment of cities; “civilization” come from Latin civilis, or “of the city” e. Political and social organization f. Writing and calendars i. Cuneiform & hieroglyphics – first writings ii. To remember seasons (food production), taxes, knowledge 4. Rosetta Stone 5. The 1 st Four River Valley Civilizations – centered around rivers because water was needed for mass agriculture a. Mesopotamia – “land btwn 2 rivers” b. Egypt – “gift of the Nile” c. China – Yellow River d. India/Pakistan – Indus River 6. When does the idea of “the West” start? a. During the Crusades, when European contact with “the East” increases dramatically. b. Ancient Greece 7. Occidental vs Oriental a. Occidental – “western”; Middle Eastern i. Rational ii. “Civilized” and possessing culture iii. Above despotism; democratic with an appreciation of the individual b. Oriental – “eastern” i. Irrational ii. Barbaric and lacking culture iii. Despotic; ruled by despots with a lack of respect for the individual 8. How did early Europeans define the “east” a. Irrational b. Barbaric and lacking culture c.
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  • Fall '07
  • Bass
  • Neolithic Revolution a., centralized power Missi, animal domestication b., Advanced agricultural techniques, domesticable wild plants

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