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Ethno 120A Study Guide

Ethno 120A Study Guide - Ellington Style o Symphonic sound...

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Ellington Style o Symphonic sound o Texture tone o Form symphonic works Kansas City Swing style o Use of space on piano – “breaks” o Dramatic effect o Horn section created riffling call + response o Rhythmic support Melody; improvised soloist Head arrangements Horns play contrast to solos Gene Krupa o 1 st to include black musician Roy Eldridge – trumpet Dethroned Louis Armstrong Anita O’Day 2 nd greatest white female singer Howard Dulany Vocalist o Composed: Green Eyes The Walls Keep Talking Rockin’ Chair Roy Eldridge’s greatest solo Roy Eldridge o Played with Fletcher Henderson, Artie Shaw, Billie Holiday o Brother of Joe Eldridge – saxophone Glenn Miller o Played w/ Red Nichols/Benny Goodman o Trombone o Introduced new sound Use of reed section B flat clarinet Plays lead tone Harmonize with alto sax o Had black writer Joe Garland Wrote for Benny Goodman o Lacked black players o Composed: In the Mood Joe Garland – composer Greatest hit of the century
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Great social dance song Large ensemble helped compensate for lack of amp Tuxedo Junction Moonlight Serenade Opening theme for Glen Miller’s Casino’s opening night Tommy Dorsey o Band still playing Dixieland o Trombone/trumpet o Big Band Buddy Rich Frank Sinatra – vocalist Jimmy Dorsey – clarinet, sax, trumpet, bandleader o Composed: Blues Skies Well Get It Chloe Opus 1 Charles Barnet o 1 st swing tenor payer o composed: Cherokee Ray Noble Measuring stick Played with Billy May – trumpet Echoes of Harlem Barnet on baritone sax Jimmy Lunceford o Sax, flute, guitar, orchestrator o Studied w/ father of Paul Whiteman o Recorded in 1928 o Composed: What’s Your Story Morning Glory Battle Axe Monotony in Four Flaps Chopin’s Prelude Artie Shaw o Clarinet, alto sax o Better than Benny Goodman o Early integration with the band Gene Krupa + Roy Eldridge o Composed: Begin the Begin Swinging style
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1 st big hit Woody Herman o Composed: Five O Clock Whistle Count Basie o Every bandmember contributed individual segment o Composed: Every Tub Starts w/ sax solo – 1 st in jazz Lester Young All American Rhythm Section Going to Chicago Jimmy Rushing – vocals Count Basie – organ Buck Clayton + Shad Collins – trumpet Lester Young – clarinet Freddie Green Papa Jo Jones Walter Paige If Dreams Come True Billie Holiday – vocals Miss Thing Dickie Wells – trombone Limehouse Blues Erskine Hawkings
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