9 勸學 - 9 2014 1 1 10(1 2(2 2(3 2(4 2(5 2 2014 2 2 6(1 1...

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《啟思新高中中國語文》(第二版) 指定文言經典精 9 勸學 (節錄) 模擬試題 (參考 2014 年「試題舉隅」題 1 1 試解釋以下文句中的粗體字。( 10 分) (1) 其曲中規。 符合( 2 分) (2) 輮使之然也。 這樣( 2 分) (3) 而致千里。 達到( 2 分) (4) 非能水也。 游泳 / 泅水( 2 分) (5) 用心一也。 專一( 2 分) 詞解 解釋 (參考 2014 年「試題舉隅」題 2 2 試把以下文句語譯為白話文。( 6 分) (1) 吾嘗終日而思矣,不如須臾之所學也。 我曾經整天思索,( 1 分)卻比不上學習片刻所得到的知識。( 2 分) (2) 積善成德,而神明自得,聖心備焉。 多行好事,自然養成崇高的品德,( 1 分)心智澄明,就具備聖人的思想境界。( 2 分) 語譯 解釋 (參考 2014 年「試題舉隅」題 6 3 在《勸學》(節錄)中,荀子 如何以木材為喻,指出人的習性可通過後天學習而改變? 試從文中摘錄有關句子,並略加說明。( 2 分, 3 分) (1) 句子: 木直中繩,輮以為輪,其曲中規;雖有槁暴、不復挺者,輮使之然也。( 2 分) (2) 說明: 以木材比喻人,( 1 分)指出筆直的木材烤彎來造車輪後,便不會再次挺直 1 分)就像人經過後天學習,變惡為善後,便不會為惡。( 1 分) 作法 複述、整合 (參考 2014 年「試題舉隅」題 5 4 在《勸學》(節錄)中,荀子 認為學習有甚麼好處?( 2 分) 提高品格。
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